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Exekutive

Exekutive | Legislative | Militärausgaben (absolut) | Militärausgaben (% vom BSP) | Nationalfeiertage | Parlamente | Regenten 2003 | Regierungsform | Unabhängigkeitstag | Verfassung | Wahlart, - alter

Die Sortierung der Länder geschieht nach der englischen Schreibweise!

Land Exekutive
Afghanistan Staatspräsident: President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid KARZAI (since 7 12.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government; former King ZAHIR Shah holds the honorific, "Father of the Land," und presides symbolically over certain occasions, but lacks any governing authority; the honorific is not hereditary
Regierungschef: President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid KARZAI (since 7 12.2004); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: 27 ministers; note - under the new constitution, ministers are appointed by the president und approved by the National Assembly
Wahlen: the president und two vice presidents are elected by direct vote for a five-year term; if no candidate receives 50% or more of the vote in the first round of voting, the two candidates with the most votes will participate in a second round; a president can only be elected for two terms; election last held 9 10.2004 (next to be held in 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Hamid KARZAI elected president; percent of vote - Hamid KARZAI 55.4%, Yunus QANOONI 16.3%, Ustad Mohammad MOHAQQEQ 11.6%, Abdul Rashid DOSTAM 10.0%, Abdul Latif PEDRAM 1.4%, Masooda JALAL 1.2%
Akrotiri Staatspräsident: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 2.1952)
Regierungschef: Administrator Maj. Gen. Peter Thomas Clayton PEARSON (since 9 5.2003); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defence
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch
Albanien Staatspräsident: President of the Republic Alfred MOISIU (since 24 7.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sali BERISHA (since 10 9.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, nominated by the president, und approved by parliament
Wahlen: president elected by the People's Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 24 6.2002 (next to be held 6. 2007); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Alfred MOISIU elected president; People's Assembly vote by number - total votes 116, for 97, against 19
Algerien Staatspräsident: President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 4.1999)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ahmed OUYAHIA (since 9 5. 2003)
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 8 4.2004 (next to be held keine Angabe 4.2009); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA reelected president for second term; percent of vote - Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA 85%, Ali BENFLIS 6.4%, Abdellah DJABALLAH 5%
Amerikanisch Samoa Staatspräsident: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 1.2001) und Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 1.2001)
Regierungschef: Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 7 4. 2003)
Kabinett: cabinet made up of 12 department directors
Wahlen: US president und vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor und lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 2 und 16 11.2004 (next to be held 11.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Togiola TULAFONO elected governor; percent of vote - Togiola TULAFONO 55.7%, Afoa Moega LUTU 44.3%
Andorra Staatspräsident: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 5.1995), represented by Philippe MASSONI (since 26 7. 2002); Spanish Coprince Bishop Joan Enric VIVES i SICILIA (since 12 5. 2003), represented by Nemesi MARQUES i OSTE (since keine Angabe)
Regierungschef: Executive Council President Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA (since 27 5.2005)
Kabinett: Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president
Wahlen: Executive Council president elected by the General Council und formally appointed by the coprinces for a four-year term; election last held 4 3.2001 (next to be held April-5.2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Marc FORNE MOLNE elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - keine Angabe
Angola Staatspräsident: President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 9.1979); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 9.1979); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government; Fernando de Piedade Dias DOS SANTOS was appointed Prime Minister on 6 12.2002, but this is not a position of real power
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by universal ballot for a five-year term; President DOS SANTOS originally elected (in 1979) without opposition under a one-party system und stood for reelection in Angola's first multiparty elections 29-30 9.1992 (next to be held 9.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: DOS SANTOS 49.6%, Jonas SAVIMBI 40.1%, making a run-off election necessary; the run-off was not held und SAVIMBI's National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) repudiated the results of the first election; the civil war resumed
Anguilla Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952); represented by Governor Alan Eden HUCKLE (since 28 5. 2004)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 3.2000)
Kabinett: Executive Council appointed by the governor von among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Antigua und Barbuda Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Sir James B. CARLISLE (since 10 6.1993)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Winston Baldwin SPENCER (since 24 3.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general chosen by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Argentinien Staatspräsident: President Nestor KIRCHNER (since 25 5.2003); Vice President Daniel SCIOLI (since 25 5.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Nestor KIRCHNER (since 25 5. 2003); Vice President Daniel SCIOLI (since 25 5.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 27 4. 2003 (next election to be held keine Angabe 2007)
Wahlergebnisse: results of the presidential election of 27 4.2003: Carlos Saul MENEM 24.3%, Nestor KIRCHNER 22%, Ricardo Lopez MURPHY 16.4%, Adolfo Rodriguez SAA 14.4%, Elisa CARRIO 14.2%, andere 8.7%; the subsequent runoff election slated for 25 5.2003 was awarded to KIRCHNER by default after MENEM withdrew his candidacy on the eve of the election
Armenien Staatspräsident: President Robert KOCHARIAN (since 30 3.1998)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Andranik MARGARYAN (since 12 5.2000)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 19 2.und 5 3.2003 (next to be held keine Angabe 2008); prime minister appointed by the president; the prime minister und Council of Ministers must resign if the National Assembly refuses to accept their program
Wahlergebnisse: Robert KOCHARIAN reelected president; percent of vote - Robert KOCHARIAN 67.5%, Stepan DEMIRCHYAN 32.5%
Aruba Staatspräsident: Queen BEATRIX of the Niederlande (since 30 4.1980), represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 5.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Nelson O. ODUBER (since 30 10.2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers (elected by the Staten)
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister und deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held 28 9.2001 (next to be held by 12.2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Nelson O. ODUBER elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - keine Angabe
Australien Staatspräsident: Queen of Australien ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Michael JEFFERY (since 11 8.2003)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister John Winston HOWARD (since 11 3.1996); Deputy Prime Minister Mark VAILE (since 6 7.2005)
Kabinett: Prime Minister nominates, von among members of Parliament, candidates who are subsequently sworn in by the Governor General to serve as government ministers
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is sworn in as prime minister by the governor general
Achtung: government coalition - Liberal Party und National Party
Österreich Staatspräsident: President Heinz FISCHER (since 8 7.2004)
Regierungschef: Chancellor Wolfgang SCHUESSEL (OeVP)(since 4 2.2000); Vice Chancellor Hubert GORBACH (since 21 10.2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor
Wahlen: president elected by direct popular vote for a six-year term; presidential election last held 25 4.2004 (next to be held 4.2010); chancellor traditionally chosen by the president von the plurality party in the National Council; vice chancellor chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor
Wahlergebnisse: Heinz FISCHER elected president; percent of vote - Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) 52.4%, Benita FERRERO-WALDNER (OeVP) 47.6%
Achtung: government coalition - OeVP und FPOe
Aserbaidschan Staatspräsident: President Ilham ALIYEV (since 31 10.2003)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Artur RASIZADE (since 4 11.2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Abbas ABBASOV (since 10 11.2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president und confirmed by the National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote to a five-year term; election last held 15 10.2003 (next to be held 10.2008); prime minister und first deputy prime ministers appointed by the president und confirmed by the National Assembly
Wahlergebnisse: Ilham ALIYEV elected president; percent of vote - Ilham ALIYEV 76.8%, Isa GAMBAR 14%
Bahamas Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Dame Ivy DUMONT (since keine Angabe 5.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Perry CHRISTIE (since 3 5. 2002) und Deputy Prime Minister Cynthia PRATT (since 7 5.2002)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Bahrain Staatspräsident: King HAMAD bin Isa al-Khalifa (since 6 3.1999); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN bin Hamad (son of the monarch, born 21 10.1969)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Salman al-Khalifa (since keine Angabe 1971)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Bangladesch Staatspräsident: President Iajuddin AHMED (since 6 9.2002); note - the president's duties are normally ceremonial, but with the 13th amendment to the constitution ("Caretaker Government Amendment"), the president's role becomes significant at times when Parliament is dissolved und a caretaker government is installed - at presidential direction - to supervise the elections
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Khaleda ZIA (since 10 10. 2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet selected by the prime minister und appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by National Parliament for a five-year term; election scheduled for 16 9.2002 was not held since Iajuddin AHMED was the only presidential candidate; he was sworn in on 6 9.2002 (next election to be held by keine Angabe 2007); following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins the most seats is usually appointed prime minister by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Iajuddin AHMED declared by the Election Commission elected unopposed as president; percent of National Parliament vote - keine Angabe
Barbados Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clifford Straughn HUSBANDS (since 1 6.1996)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Owen Seymour ARTHUR (since 7 9.1994); Deputy Prime Minister Mia MOTTLEY (since 26 5.2003)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Weißrussland (Belarus) Staatspräsident: President Aleksandr LUKASHENKO (since 20 7.1994)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sergei SIDORSKY (since 19 12.2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir SEMASHKO (since 12.2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; first election took place 23 6.und 10 7.1994; according to the 1994 constitution, the next election should have been held in 1999, however LUKASHENKO extended his term to 2001 via a 11.1996 referendum; new election held 9 9.2001; 10.2004 referendum ended presidential term limits allowing president to run for a third term in 9.2006; prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Aleksandr LUKASHENKO reelected president; percent of vote - Aleksandr LUKASHENKO 75.6%, Vladimir GONCHARIK 15.4%
Belgien Staatspräsident: King ALBERT II (since 9 8. 1993); Heir Apparent Prince PHILIPPE, son of the monarch
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Guy VERHOFSTADT (since 13 7. 1999)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers formally appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch und then approved by parliament
Achtung: government coalition - VLD, MR, PS, SP.A-Spirit
Belize Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Sir Colville YOUNG, Sr. (since 17 11.1993)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Said Wilbert MUSA (since 28 8.1998); Deputy Prime Minister John BRICENO (since 1 9. 1998)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Benin Staatspräsident: President Mathieu KEREKOU (since 4 4.1996); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Mathieu KEREKOU (since 4 4. 1996); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president reelected by popular vote for a five-year term; runoff election held 22 3.2001 (next to be held 3.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Mathieu KEREKOU reelected president; percent of vote - Mathieu KEREKOU 84.1%, Bruno AMOUSSOU 15.9%
Achtung: the four top-ranking contenders following the first-round presidential elections were: Mathieu KEREKOU (incumbent) 45.4%, Nicephore SOGLO (former president) 27.1%, Adrien HOUNGBEDJI (National Assembly Speaker) 12.6%, und Bruno AMOUSSOU (Minister of State) 8.6%; the second-round balloting, originally scheduled for 18 3.2001, was postponed four days because both SOGLO und HOUNGBEDJI withdrew alleging electoral fraud; this left KEREKOU to run against his own Minister of State, AMOUSSOU, in what was termed a "friendly match"
Bermuda Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor Sir John VEREKER (since 11 4. 2002)
Regierungschef: Premier William Alexander SCOTT (since 24 7.2003); Deputy Premier Ewart BROWN
Kabinett: Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed premier by the governor
Bhutan Staatspräsident: King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK (since 24 7.1972)
Regierungschef: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Lyonpo Sangay NGEDUP (since 5 9.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers (Lhengye Shungtsog) nominated by the monarch, approved by the National Assembly; members serve fixed, five-year terms; note - there is also a Royal Advisory Council (Lodoi Tsokde), members nominated by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary, but democratic reforms in 7.1998 grant the National Assembly authority to remove the monarch with two-thirds vote
Bolivien Staatspräsident: President Eduardo RODRIGUEZ Veltze (since 9 6.2005); Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Eduardo RODRIGUEZ Veltze (since 9 6.2005); Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 30 6. 2002 (next to be held 6.2007)
Wahlergebnisse: as a result of no candidate winning a majority in the 30 6.2002 election, Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA Bustamante was chosen president by Congress; congressional votes - Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA Bustamante 84, Evo MORALES 43; note - following the resignation of the elected president on 17 10.2003 und Vice President Carlos Diego MESA Gisbert on 9 6.2005, Eduardo RODRIGUEZ Veltze, President of the Supreme Court und constitutional successor, became president.
Bosnien und Herzegowina Staatspräsident: Chairman of the Presidency Ivo Miro JOVIC (since 28 6.2005; presidency member since 9 5.2005 - Croat; note - Dragan COVIC was sacked by High Representative Paddy ASHDOWN on 29 Mar 2005); andere members of the three-member rotating (every eight months) presidency: Borislav PARAVAC (since 10 4.2003 - Serb); und Sulejman TIHIC (since 5 10.2002 - Bosniak)
Regierungschef: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Adnan TERZIC (since 20 12.2002)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers nominated by the council chairman; approved by the National House of Representatives
Wahlen: the three members of the presidency (one Bosniak, one Croat, one Serb) are elected by popular vote for a four-year term; the member with the most votes becomes the chairman unless he or she was the incumbent chairman at the time of the election, but the chairmanship rotates every eight months; election last held 5 10.2002 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); the chairman of the Council of Ministers is appointed by the presidency und confirmed by the National House of Representatives
Wahlergebnisse: percent of vote - Mirko SAROVIC with 35.5% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first eight months; Dragan COVIC received 61.5% of the Croat vote; Sulejman TIHIC received 37% of the Bosniak vote
Achtung: President of the Federation of Bosnien und Herzegowina: Niko LOZANCIC (since 27 1.2003); Vice Presidents Sahbaz DZIHANOVIC (since keine Angabe 2003) und Desnica RADIVOJEVIC (since keine Angabe 2003); President of the Republika Srpska: Dragan CAVIC (since 28 11.2002)
Botsuana Staatspräsident: President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 4.1998) und Vice President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since 13 7. 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 4. 1998) und Vice President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since 13 7.1998); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president indirectly elected for a five-year term; election last held 20 10.2004 (next to be held keine Angabe 2009); vice president appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Festus G. MOGAE elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52%
Brasilien Staatspräsident: President Luiz Inacio LULA DA SILVA (since 1 1.2003); Vice President Jose ALENCAR (since 1 1.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Luiz Inacio LULA DA SILVA (since 1 1.2003); Vice President Jose ALENCAR (since 1 1.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 6 10. 2002 (next to be held 1 10.2006, with a runoff on 29 10.2006 if necessary); runoff election held 27 10.2002
Wahlergebnisse: in runoff election 27 10.2002, Luiz Inacio LULA DA SILVA (PT) elected with 61.3% of the vote; Jose SERRA (PSDB) 38.7%
British Indischer Ozean Territorium Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952)
Regierungschef: Commissioner Tony CROMBIE (since 1. 2004); Administrator Tony HUMPHRIES (since 2.2005); note - both reside in the Großbritannien
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; commissioner und administrator appointed by the monarch
Br. Jungfern-Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor Tom MACAN (since 14 10. 2002)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister Orlando D. SMITH (since 17 6.2003)
Kabinett: Executive Council appointed by the governor von members of the Legislative Council
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Brunei Staatspräsident: Sultan und Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 10.1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: Sultan und Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 10.1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed und presided over by the monarch; deals with executive matters; note - there is also a Religious Council (members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals with constitutional matters, und the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary
Bulgarien Staatspräsident: President Georgi PURVANOV (since 22 1.2002); Vice President Angel MARIN (since 22 1. 2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sergei STANISHEV (since 16 8.2005); Deputy Prime Minister Ivaylo KALFIN (since 16 8.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister und elected by the National Assembly
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 11 und 18 11.2001 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); chairman of the Council of Ministers (prime minister) nominated by the president und elected by the National Assembly; deputy prime ministers nominated by the prime minister und elected by the National Assembly
Wahlergebnisse: Georgi PURVANOV elected president; percent of vote - Georgi PURVANOV 54.13%, Petar STOYANOV 45.87%; Sergei STANISHEV elected prime minister, result of legislative vote - 168 to 67
Burkina Faso Staatspräsident: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 10.1987)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ernest Paramanga YONLI (since 6 11.2000)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 11.1998 (next to be held keine Angabe 2005); in 4.2000, the constitution was amended reducing the presidential term von seven to five Jahre, enforceable as of 2005, und allowing the president to be reelected only once; it is unclear whether this amendment will be applied retroactively or not; prime minister appointed by the president with the consent of the legislature
Wahlergebnisse: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president with 87.5% percent of the vote
Myanmar (Burma) Staatspräsident: Chairman of the State Peace und Development Council Sr. Gen. THAN SHWE (since 23 4.1992)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister, Gen SOE WIN (since 19 10. 2004)
Kabinett: State Peace und Development Council (SPDC); military junta, so named 15 11.1997, which initially assumed power 18 9.1988 under the name State Law und Order Restoration Council (SLORC); the SPDC oversees the cabinet
Wahlen: keine
Burundi Staatspräsident: President Domitien NDAYIZEYE (since 30 4.2003); note - NDAYIZEYE, a Hutu, was sworn in as president for the second half of the three-year transitional government inaugurated on 1 11.2001; Vice President Frederic NGENZEBUHORO (since 11 11.2004)
Regierungschef: President Domitien NDAYIZEYE (since 30 4. 2003); note - NDAYIZEYE, a Hutu, was sworn in as president for the second half of the three-year transitional government inaugurated on 1 11.2001; Vice President Frederic NGENZEBUHORO (since 11 11. 2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by president
Wahlen: keine Angabe; current president assumed power on 30 4.2003 as part of the transitional government established by the 2000 Arusha Accord; note - next presidential election is scheduled for 22 4.2005
Kambodscha Staatspräsident: King Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29 10.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister HUN SEN (since 14 1. 1985) und Deputy Prime Ministers SAR KHENG (since 3 2.1992), Norodom SIRIVUDH, SOK AN, LU LAY SRENG, TEA BANH, HOR NAMHONG, NHEK BUNCHHAY (since 16 7.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers in theory appointed by the monarch; in practice named by the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is chosen by a Royal Throne Council; following legislative elections, a member of the majority party or majority coalition is named prime minister by the Chairman of the National Assembly und appointed by the king
Kamerun Staatspräsident: President Paul BIYA (since 6 11.1982)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ephraim INONI (since 8 Dec 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president von proposals submitted by the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 11 10.2004 (next to be held keine Angabe 10. 2011); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: President Paul BIYA reelected; percent of vote - Paul BIYA 70.9%, John FRU NDI 17.4%, Adamou Ndam NJOYA 4.5%, Garga Haman ADJI 3.7%
Kanada Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Michaelle Jean (since 27 9.2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Paul MARTIN (since 12 12. 2003); Deputy Prime Minister Anne MCLELLAN (since 12 12.2003)
Kabinett: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually von among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Commons is automatically designated prime minister by the governor general
Kap Verde Staatspräsident: President Pedro PIRES (since 22 3.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jose Maria Pereira NEVES (since 1 2.2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 11 und 25 2.2001 (next to be held 2.2006); prime minister nominated by the National Assembly und appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Pedro PIRES elected president; percent of vote - Pedro PIRES (PAICV) 49.43%, Carlos VIEGA (MPD) 49.42%; note - the election was won by only twelve votes
Cayman Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952); Governor Bruce DINWIDDY (since 29 5.2002)
Regierungschef: Leader of Government Business Kurt TIBBETTS (since 18 5.2005)
Kabinett: Executive Council (three members appointed by the governor, four members elected by the Legislative Assembly)
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the governor is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or coalition is appointed by the governor Leader of Government Business
Zentralafrika Staatspräsident: President Francois BOZIZE (since 15 3.2003 coup)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Elie DOTE (since 13 6.2005) note - Celestin GAOMBALET resigned 11 6.2005
Kabinett: Council of Ministers
Wahlen: president elected to five year term with a two-term limit; next presidential elections scheduled for 10 4.2005; prime minister appointed by the political party with a parliamentary majority
Tschad Staatspräsident: President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY (since 4 12.1990)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Pascal YOADIMNADJI (since 3 2.2005)
Kabinett: Council of State, members appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote to serve five-year term; if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of voting; last held 20 5.2001 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY reelected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY 63%, Ngarlegy YORONGAR 16%, Saleh KEBZABO 7%
Chile Staatspräsident: President Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11 3.2000); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11 3.2000); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 12 12.1999, with runoff election held 16 1.2000 (next to be held 12.2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Ricardo LAGOS Escobar elected president; percent of vote - Ricardo LAGOS Escobar 51.32%, Joaquin LAVIN 48.68%
China Staatspräsident: President HU Jintao (since 15 3.2003) und Vice President ZENG Qinghong (since 15 3.2003)
Regierungschef: Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 3.2003); Vice Premiers HUANG Ju (since 17 3.2003), WU Yi (17 3.2003), ZENG Peiyan (since 17 3.2003), und HUI Liangyu (since 17 3.2003)
Kabinett: State Council appointed by the National People's Congress (NPC)
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by the National People's Congress for five-year terms; elections last held 15-17 3. 2003 (next to be held mid-3.2008); premier nominated by the president, confirmed by the National People's Congress
Wahlergebnisse: HU Jintao elected president by the Tenth National People's Congress with a total of 2,937 votes (four delegates voted against him, four abstained, und 38 did not vote); ZENG Qinghong elected vice president by the Tenth National People's Congress with a total of 2,578 votes (177 delegates voted against him, 190 abstained, und 38 did not vote); two seats were vacant
Weihnachts-Insel Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by the Australian governor general
Regierungschef: Administrator Evan WILLIAMS (since 1 11. 2003)
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australien und represents the monarch und Australien
Cocos (Keeling) Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by the Australian governor general
Regierungschef: Administrator (nonresident) Evan WILLIAMS (since 1 11.2003)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australien und represents the monarch und Australien
Kolumbien Staatspräsident: President Alvaro URIBE Velez (since 7 8.2002); Vice President Francisco SANTOS (since 7 8. 2002); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Alvaro URIBE Velez (since 7 8. 2002); Vice President Francisco SANTOS (since 7 8.2002); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet consists of a coalition of the two dominant parties - the PL und PSC - und independents
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 26 5.2002 (next to be held 5.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: President Alvaro URIBE Velez received 53% of the vote; Vice President Francisco SANTOS was elected on the same ticket
Komoren Staatspräsident: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 5.2002); note - following a 1999 coup AZALI was appointed president; in 1.2002 he resigned his position to run in the 14 4.2002 presidential elections; Prime Minister Hamada Madi BOLERO was appointed interim president until replaced again by AZALI in 5.2002 when BOLERO was appointed Minister of External Defense und Territorial Security; the president is both the chief of state und the head of government
Regierungschef: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 5. 2002); note - following a 1999 coup AZALI was appointed president; in 1.2002 he resigned his position to run in the 14 4.2002 presidential elections; Prime Minister Hamada Madi BOLERO was appointed interim president until replaced again by AZALI in 5.2002 when BOLERO was appointed Minister of External Defense und Territorial Security; the president is both the chief of state und the head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: as defined by the 2001 constitution, the presidency rotates every four Jahre among the elected presidents von the three main islands in the Union; election last held 14 4.2002 (next to be held 4.2007); prime minister appointed by the president; note - AZALI has not appointed a Prime Minister since he was sworn into office in 5.2002
Wahlergebnisse: President AZALI Assoumani elected president with 75% of the vote
Kongo (Kinshasa) Staatspräsident: President Joseph KABILA (since 26 1.2001); note - following the assassination of his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, on 16 1.2001, Joseph KABILA succeeded to the presidency; the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Joseph KABILA (since 26 1. 2001); note - following the assassination of his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, on 16 1.2001, Joseph KABILA succeeded to the presidency; the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: National Executive Council, appointed by the president
Wahlen: prior to the overthrow of MOBUTU Sese Seko, the president was elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 29 7.1984 (next was scheduled to be held in 5.1997); formerly, there was also a prime minister who was elected by the High Council of the Republic; note - a Transitional Government is drafting a new constitution with free elections scheduled to be held in keine Angabe 2005
Wahlergebnisse: MOBUTU Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga reelected president in 1984 without opposition
Achtung: Joseph KABILA succeeded his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, following the latter's assassination in 1.2001, negotiations with rebel leaders led to the establishment of a transitional government in 7.2003 with free elections scheduled to be held in keine Angabe 2005
Kongo (Brazzaville) Staatspräsident: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 10.1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 10.1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second seven-year term); election last held 10 3.2002 (next to be held keine Angabe 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO reelected president; percent of vote - Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO 89.4%, Joseph Kignoumbi Kia MBOUNGOU 2.7%
Cook-Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Frederick GOODWIN (since 9 2. 2001); Neuseeland High Commissioner Kurt MEYER (since 7.2001), representative of Neuseeland
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jim MARURAI (since 14 12. 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Terepai MAOATE (since 9 8.2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the Großbritannien representative is appointed by the monarch; the Neuseeland hoch commissioner is appointed by the Neuseeland Government; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes prime minister
Coral Sea Inseln administered von Canberra by the Department of the Environment, Sport, und Territories
Costa Rica Staatspräsident: President Abel PACHECO (since 8 5.2002); First Vice President Lineth SABORIO (since 8 5.2002); Second Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Abel PACHECO (since 8 5.2002); First Vice President Lineth SABORIO (since 8 5.2002); Second Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet selected by the president
Wahlen: president und vice presidents elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 3 2.2002; run-off election held 7 4.2002 (next to be held 2.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Abel PACHECO elected president; percent of vote - Abel PACHECO (PUSC) 58%; Rolando ARAYA (PLN) 42%
Elfenbeinküste Staatspräsident: President Laurent GBAGBO (since 26 10.2000);
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Seydou DIARRA (since 25 1.2003); note - appointed as transitional Prime Minister by President GBAGBO as part of a French brokered peace plan
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 26 10.2000 (next to be held 10.2005); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Laurent GBAGBO elected president; percent of vote - Laurent GBAGBO 59.4%, Robert GUEI 32.7%, Francis WODIE 5.7%, andere 2.2%
Kroatien Staatspräsident: President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 2.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ivo SANADER (since 9 12. 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers Jadranka KOSOR (since 23 12.2003) und Damir POLANEC (since keine Angabe 2.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers named by the prime minister und approved by the parliamentary Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 1.2005 (next to be held 1.2010); the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president und then approved by the Assembly
Wahlergebnisse: Stjepan MESIC reelected president; percent of vote - Stjepan MESIC (HNS) 66%, Jadranka KOSOR (HDZ) 34%
Kuba Staatspräsident: President of the Council of State und President of the Council of Ministers Fidel CASTRO Ruz (prime minister von 2.1959 until 24 2.1976 when office was abolished; president since 2 12.1976); First Vice President of the Council of State und First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (since 2 12.1976); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President of the Council of State und President of the Council of Ministers Fidel CASTRO Ruz (prime minister von 2.1959 until 24 2.1976 when office was abolished; president since 2 12.1976); First Vice President of the Council of State und First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (since 2 12.1976); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers proposed by the president of the Council of State und appointed by the National Assembly or the 31-member Council of State, elected by the Assembly to act on its behalf when it is not in session
Wahlen: president und vice presidents elected by the National Assembly for a term of five Jahre; election last held 6 3.2003 (next to be held in 2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Fidel CASTRO Ruz reelected president; percent of legislative vote - 100%; Raul CASTRO Ruz elected vice president; percent of legislative vote - 100%
Zypern Staatspräsident: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 3.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot
Regierungschef: President Tassos PAPADOPOULOS (since 1 3. 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president und vice president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 2.2003 (next to be held 2. 2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Tassos PAPADOPOULOS elected president; percent of vote - Tassos PAPADOPOULOS 51.5%, Glafkos KLIRIDIS 38.8%, Alekos MARKIDIS 6.6%
Achtung: Mehmet Ali TALAT becomes "president" of Nord-Zypern, 24 4.2005, after "presidential" elections on 17 4.2005; results - Mehmet Ali TALAT 55.6%, Dervis EROGLU 22.7%; Ferdi Sabit SOYER is "prime minister"; there is a Council of Ministers (cabinet) in Nord-Zypern, appointed by the "prime minister"
Tschechien Staatspräsident: President Vaclav KLAUS (since 7 3.2003)
Achtung: the Tschechien's first president Vaclav HAVEL stepped down von office on 2 2.2003 having served exactly 10 Jahre; parliament finally elected a successor on 28 2.2003 after two inconclusive elections in 1.2003
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jiri PAROUBEK (since 25 4. 2005), Deputy Prime Ministers Zdenek SKROMACH (since 4 8.2004), Martin JAHN (since 4 8.2004), Pavel NEMEC (since 4 8.2004), Milan SIMONOVSKY (since 4 8.2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term; last successful election held 28 2.2003 (after earlier elections held 15 und 24 1.2003 were inconclusive; next election to be held 1.2008); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Vaclav KLAUS elected president on 28 2. 2003; Vaclav KLAUS 142 votes, Jan SOKOL 124 votes (third round; combined votes of both chambers of parliament)
Dänemark Staatspräsident: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 1.1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 5.1968)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN (since 27 11.2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister und approved by parliament
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch
Dhekelia Staatspräsident: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 2.1952)
Regierungschef: Administrator Maj. Gen. Peter Tomas Clayton PEARSON (since 9 5.2003); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defence
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch
Dschibuti Staatspräsident: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 5.1999)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Mohamed Dileita DILEITA (since 4 3.2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers responsible to the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 8 4.2005 (next to be held by 4.2011); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Ismail Omar GUELLEH reelected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 100%
Dominica Staatspräsident: President Nicholas J. O. LIVERPOOL (since 10.2003)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 1.2004); note - assumed post after death of Prime Minister Pierre CHARLES
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by the House of Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 1 10.2003 (next to be held 10.2008); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Nicholas LIVERPOOL elected president; percent of legislative vote - keine Angabe
Dominikanische Republik Staatspräsident: President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna (since 16 8.2004); Vice President Rafael ALBURQUERQUE de Castro (since 16 8.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna (since 16 8.2004); Vice President Rafael ALBURQUERQUE de Castro (since 16 8.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet nominated by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 16 5. 2004 (next to be held in 5.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Leonel FERNANDEZ elected president; percent of vote - Leonel FERNANDEZ (PLD) 57.1%, Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (PRD) 33.7%, Eduardo ESTRELLA (PRSC) 8.7%
Osttimor Staatspräsident: President Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO (since 20 5.2002); note - the president plays a largely symbolic role but is able to veto some legislation; he formerly used the name Jose Alexandre GUSMAO
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Mari Bin Amude ALKATIRI (since 20 5.2002)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 14 4.2002 (next to be held in 4.2007); after the first legislative elections, the leader of the majority party was appointed prime minister by the president, suggesting a precedent for the future
Wahlergebnisse: Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO elected president; percent of vote - Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO 82.7%, Francisco Xavier do AMARAL 17.3%
Ecuador Staatspräsident: President Alfredo PALACIO (since 20 4.2005); Vice President Nicanor Alejandro SERRANO Aguilar (since 5 5.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government; former President Lucio GUTIERREZ was removed von office by congress effective 20 4.2005
Regierungschef: President Alfredo PALACIO (since 20 4. 2005); Vice President Nicanor Alejandro SERRANO Aguilar (since 5 5. 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: the president und vice president are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a four-year term (no immediate reelection); election last held 20 10.2002; runoff election held 24 11.2002 (next to be held 10.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: results of the 24 11.2002 runoff election - Lucio GUTIERREZ elected president; percent of vote - Lucio GUTIERREZ 54.3%; Alvaro NOBOA 45.7%; note - Vice President Alfredo PALACIO assumed the presidency on 20 4.2005 after congress removed Lucio GUTIERREZ von office
Ägypten Staatspräsident: President Mohammed Hosni MUBARAK (since 14 10.1981)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ahmed NAZIF (since 9 7. 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for six-year term; note - a national referendum in 5.2005 approved a constitutional amendment that changed the presidential election to a multicandidate popular vote; previously the president was nominated by the People's Assembly und the nomination was validated by a national, popular referendum; last referendum held 26 9.1999; first election under terms of constitutional amendment held 7 9.2005; next election scheduled for 2011
Wahlergebnisse: Hosni MUBARAK reelected president; percent of vote - Hosni MUBARAK 88.6%, Ayman NOUR 7.6%, Noman GOMAA 2.9%
El Salvador Staatspräsident: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 6.2004); Vice President Ana Vilma DE ESCOBAR (since 1 6.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 6.2004); Vice President Ana Vilma DE ESCOBAR (since 1 6.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers selected by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 21 3. 2004 (next to be held 3.2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez elected president; percent of vote - Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (ARENA) 57.7%, Schafik HANDAL (FMLN) 35.6%, Hector SILVA (CDU-PDC) 3.9%, andere 2.8%
Äquatorialguinea Staatspräsident: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO (since 3 8.1979 when he seized power in a military coup)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Miguel Abia BITEO BORICO (since 14 6.2004); First Deputy Prime Minister Mercelino Oyono NTUTUMU (since 15 6.2004); Deputy Prime Minister Ricardo Mangue Obama NFUBEA (since 15 6.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 15 12.2002 (next to be held 12. 2009); prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected president; percent of vote - Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO 97.1%, Celestino Bonifacio BACALE 2.2%; elections marred by widespread fraud
Eritrea Staatspräsident: President ISAIAS Afworki (since 8 6.1993); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government und is head of the State Council und National Assembly
Regierungschef: President ISAIAS Afworki (since 8 6.1993); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government und is head of the State Council und National Assembly
Kabinett: State Council is the collective executive authority; members appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly; election last held 8 6.1993 (next election date uncertain as the National Assembly did not hold a presidential election in 12.2001 as anticipated)
Wahlergebnisse: ISAIAS Afworki elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - ISAIAS Afworki 95%
Estland Staatspräsident: President Arnold RUUTEL (since 8 10.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Andrus ANSIP (since 12 4. 2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, approved by Parliament
Wahlen: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term; if a candidate does not secure two-thirds of the votes after three rounds of balloting in the Parliament, then an electoral assembly (made up of Parliament plus members of local governments) elects the president, choosing between the two candidates with the largest percentage of votes; election last held 21 9.2001 (next to be held in the fall of 2006); prime minister nominated by the president und approved by Parliament
Wahlergebnisse: Arnold RUUTEL elected president on 21 9. 2001 by a 367-member electoral assembly that convened following Parliament's failure in 8.to elect then-President MERI's successor; on the second ballot of voting, RUUTEL received 186 votes to Parliament Speaker Toomas SAVI's 155; the remaining 26 ballots were either left blank or invalid
Äthiopien Staatspräsident: President GIRMA Woldegiorgis (since 8 10.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister MELES Zenawi (since keine Angabe 8. 1995)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers as provided for in the 12. 1994 constitution; ministers are selected by the prime minister und approved by the House of People's Representatives
Wahlen: president elected by the House of People's Representatives for a six-year term; election last held 8 10.2001 (next to be held 10.2007); prime minister designated by the party in power following legislative elections
Wahlergebnisse: GIRMA Woldegiorgis elected president; percent of vote by the House of People's Representatives - 100%
Europäische Union chief of union: President of the European Commission Jose DURAO BARROSO (since 22 11.2004)
Kabinett: European Commission (composed of 25 members, one von each member Land; each commissioner responsible for one or more policy areas)
Wahlen: the president of the European Commission is designated by member governments; the president-designate then chooses the andere Commission members; the European Parliament confirms the entire Commission for a five-year term; election last held 18 11.2004 (next to be held 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: European Parliament approved the European Commission by an approval vote of 449 to 149 with 82 abstentions
Achtung: the European Council brings together heads of state und government und the president of the European Commission und meets at least twice a year; its aim is to provide the impetus for the major political issues relating to European integration und to issue general policy guidelines
Falkland-Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952)
Regierungschef: Governor Howard PEARCE (since 3 12. 2002); Chief Executive Chris SIMPKINS (since keine Angabe 3.2003); Financial Secretary Derek F. HOWATT (since keine Angabe)
Kabinett: Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive und the financial secretary), und the governor
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch
Färöer-Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen MARGRETHE II of Dänemark (since 14 1.1972), represented by High Commissioner Birgit KLEIS, chief administrative officer (since 1 11.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Joannes EIDESGAARD (since 3 2.2004)
Kabinett: Landsstyri appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; hoch commissioner appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by the Faroese Parliament; election last held 20 1.2004 (next to be held no later than 1.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Joannes EIDESGAARD elected prime minister; percent of parliamentary vote - keine Angabe
Achtung: coalition of Social Democrats, Union Party, und People's Party
Fidschi Staatspräsident: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since 18 7.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 9.2000)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister von among the members of Parliament und is responsible to Parliament; note - there is also a Presidential Council that advises the president on matters of national importance und a Great Council of Chiefs, which consists of the highest ranking members of the traditional chief system
Wahlen: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs for a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - keine Angabe
Finnland Staatspräsident: President Tarja HALONEN (since 1 3.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Matti VANHANEN (since 24 6. 2003) und Deputy Prime Minister Eero HEINALUOMA (since 24 9. 2005)
Kabinett: Council of State or Valtioneuvosto appointed by the president, responsible to parliament
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 16 1.2000 und 6 2.2000 (next to be held 2.2006); the president appoints the prime minister und deputy prime minister von the majority party or the majority coalition after parliamentary elections und the parliament must approve the appointment
Wahlergebnisse: Tarja HALONEN elected president; percent of vote - Tarja HALONEN (SDP) 51.6%, Esko AHO (Kesk) 48.4%
Achtung: government coalition - Kesk, SDP, und SFP
Frankreich Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 5.1995)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Dominique DE VILLEPIN (since 31 5.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the suggestion of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (changed von seven-year term in 10.2000); election last held 21 4.und 5 5.2002 (next to be held, first round 4.2007, second round 5.2007); prime minister nominated by the National Assembly majority und appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Jacques CHIRAC reelected president; percent of vote, second ballot - Jacques CHIRAC (RPR) 81.96%, Jean-Marie LE PEN (FN) 18.04%
Französisch Guyana Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by Prefect Ange MANCINI (since 31 7.2002)
Regierungschef: President of the General Council Joseph HO-TEN-YOU (since 26 3.2001); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (since 22 3.1992)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; presidents of the General und Regional Councils are appointed by the members of those councils
Franz. Polynesien Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by High Commissioner of the Republic Michel MATHIEU (since 24 10.2001); note - Michel MATHIER leaves 30 7.2005, replaced by Jacques MICHAUT (acting hoch commissioner), until the arrival of Anne BOQUET in early 9.2005
Regierungschef: President of the Territorial Government of Franz. Polynesien Oscar TEMARU (since 3 3.2005); President of the Territorial Assembly Antony GEROS (since 9 5.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Territorial Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; hoch commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Government und the president of the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly
Gabun Staatspräsident: President El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba (since 2 12.1967)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jean-Francois NTOUTOUME-EMANE (since 23 1.1999)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 6 12.1998 (next to be held keine Angabe 2005); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: President El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba reelected; percent of vote - El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba 66.6%, Pierre MAMBOUNDOU 16.5%, Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE 13.4%
Gambia Staatspräsident: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 10.1996; note - von 1994 to 1996 he was Chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 3.1997); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 10.1996; note - von 1994 to 1996 was he Chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 3.1997); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 18 10.2001 (next to be held 10.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH reelected president; percent of vote - Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH 52.9%, Ousainou DARBOE 32.7%
Georgien Staatspräsident: President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 1.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government for the power ministries: state security (einschließlich interior) und defense
Regierungschef: President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 1.2004); Prime Minister Zurab NOGHAIDELI (since 17 2.2005); note - the president is the chief of state und head of government for the power ministries: state security (einschließlich interior) und defense; the prime minister is head of the remaining ministries of government
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 4 1.2004 (next to be held keine Angabe 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Mikheil SAAKASHVILI elected president; percent of vote - Mikheil SAAKASHVILI 96.3%, Temur SHASHIASHVILI 1.9%
Deutschland Staatspräsident: President Horst KOEHLER (since 1 7.2004)
Regierungschef: Chancellor Gerhard SCHROEDER (since 27 10.1998); Vice Chancellor Joschka FISCHER (since 17 10.1998)
Kabinett: Cabinet or Bundesminister (Federal Ministers) appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor
Wahlen: president elected for a five-year term by a Federal Convention einschließlich all members of the Federal Assembly und an equal number of delegates elected by the state parliaments; election last held 23 5.2004 (next to be held 23 5.2009); chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Federal Assembly for a four-year term; election last held 22 9.2002 (next to be held 9.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Horst KOEHLER elected president; received 604 votes of the Federal Convention against 589 for Gesine SCHWAN; Gerhard SCHROEDER elected chancellor; percent of Federal Assembly vote 50.7%
Ghana Staatspräsident: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 1.2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 1.2001); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 1.2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 1.2001); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 12.2004 (next to be held 12.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: John Agyekum KUFUOR reelected president in election; percent of vote - John KUFUOR 53.4%, John Atta MILLS 43.7%
Gibraltar Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor und Commander-in-Chief Sir Francis RICHARDS (since 27 5.2003)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 5. 1996)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed von among the 15 elected members of the House of Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Griechenland Staatspräsident: President Karolos PAPOULIAS (since 12 3.2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Konstandinos KARAMANLIS (since 7 3.2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by parliament for a five-year term; election last held 8 2.2005 (next to be held by 2.2010); according to the Greek Constitution, presidents may only serve two terms; president appoints leader of the party securing plurality of vote in election to become prime minister und form a government
Wahlergebnisse: Karolos PAPOULIAS elected president; number of parlimentary votes, 279 out of 300
Grönland Staatspräsident: Queen MARGRETHE II of Dänemark (since 14 1.1972), represented by High Commissioner Peter LAURITEEN (since keine Angabe 2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Hans ENOKSEN (since 14 12.2002)
Kabinett: Home Rule Government is elected by the parliament (Landstinget) on the basis of the strength of parties
Wahlen: the monarchy is hereditary; hoch commissioner appointed by the monarch; prime minister is elected by parliament (usually the leader of the majority party); election last held 3 12.2002 (next to be held 12.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Hans ENOKSEN elected prime minister
Achtung: government coalition - Siumut und Inuit Ataqatigiit
Grenada Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 8.1996)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 6. 1995)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Guadeloupe Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by Prefect Paul GIROT DE LANGLADE (since 17 8.2004)
Regierungschef: President of the General Council Jacques GILLOT (since 26 3.2001); President of the Regional Council Victorin LUREL (since 2 4.2004)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General und Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
Wahlergebnisse: keine Angabe
Guam Staatspräsident: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 1.2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 1.2001)
Regierungschef: Governor Felix P. P. CAMACHO (since 6 1. 2003) und Lieutenant Governor Kaleo MOYLAN (since 6 1.2003)
Kabinett: executive departments; heads appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature
Wahlen: US president und vice president elected on the same ticket for a four-year term; governor und lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year term; election last held 5 11.2002 (next to be held 11.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Felix P. P. CAMACHO elected governor; percent of vote - Felix P. P. CAMACHO (Republican Party) 55.4%, Robert A. UNDERWOOD (Democratic Party) 44.6%
Guatemala Staatspräsident: President Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo (since 14 1.2004); Vice President Eduardo STEIN Barillas (since 14 1.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo (since 14 1.2004); Vice President Eduardo STEIN Barillas (since 14 1.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 9 11.2003; runoff held 28 12.2003 (next to be held 11.2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Oscar BERGER Perdomo elected president; percent of vote - Oscar BERGER Perdomo (GANA) 54.1%, Alvarado COLOM (UNE) 45.9%
Guernsey Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor und Commander-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Sir John FOLEY (since keine Angabe 2000)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister Laurie MORGAN (since 1 5. 2004)
Kabinett: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister is elected by States of Delibertion
Wahlergebnisse: Laurie MORGAN elected chief minister, percent of vote of the States of Deliberation keine Angabe
Guinea Staatspräsident: President Lansana CONTE (head of military government since 5 4.1984, elected president 19 12. 1993)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Cellou Dalein DIALLO (since 4 12.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; candidate must receive a majority of the votes cast to be elected president; election last held 21 12.2003 (next to be held 12. 2008); the prime minister is appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Lansana CONTE reelected president; percent of vote - Lansana CONTE (PUP) 95.3%, Mamadou Boye BARRY (UPR) 4.6%
Guinea-Bissau Staatspräsident: President Henrique ROSA (interim; since 28 9.2003); note - a 9.2003 coup overthrew the elected government of Kumba YALA; General Verissimo Correia SEABRA served as interim president von 14 to 28 9.2003
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Carlos GOMES Junior (since 9 5.2004)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 28 11.1999 und 16 1.2000 (next to be held 5.2005); prime minister appointed by the president after consultation with party leaders in the legislature
Wahlergebnisse: Kumba YALA elected president; percent of vote, second ballot - Kumba YALA (PRS) 72%, Malan Bacai SANHA (PAIGC) 28%
Achtung: a bloodless coup led to the dissolution of the elected government of Kumba YALA in 9.2003; General Verissimo Correia SEABRA served as interim president von 14 9.2003 until stepping aside on 28 9.2003 with the establishment of a caretaker government
Guyana Staatspräsident: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 8.1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President Janet JAGAN
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since 12. 1997)
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature
Wahlen: president elected by the majority party in the National Assembly following legislative elections, which must be held at least every five Jahre; elections last held 19 3.2001 (next to be held by 3.2006); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of legislative vote - keine Angabe
Haiti Staatspräsident: Interim President Boniface ALEXANDRE (since 29 2.2004)
Achtung: Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE resigned as president on 29 2. 2004; ALEXANDRE, as Chief of the Supreme Court, constitutionally succeeded Aristide
Regierungschef: Interim Prime Minister Gerald LATORTUE (since 12 3.2004), chosen by extraconstitutional Council of Eminent Persons representing cross-section of political und civic interests
Kabinett: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 26 11.2000 (next to be held in 11. 2005); prime minister appointed by the president, ratified by the National Assembly
Wahlergebnisse: Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE elected president; percent of vote - Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE 92%
Vatikan (Holy See) Staatspräsident: Pope BENEDICT XVI (since 19 4.2005)
Regierungschef: Secretary of State Cardinal Angelo SODANO (since 1 12.1990)
Kabinett: Pontifical Commission appointed by the pope
Wahlen: pope elected for life by the College of Cardinals; election last held 19 4.2005 (next to be held after the death of the current pope); secretary of state appointed by the pope
Wahlergebnisse: Joseph RATZINGER elected Pope BENEDICT XVI
Honduras Staatspräsident: President Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (since 27 1.2002); First Vice President Vicente WILLIAMS Agasse (since 27 1.2002); Second Vice President Armida Villela Maria DE LOPEZ Contreras (since 27 1.2002); Third Vice President Alberto DIAZ Lobo (since 27 1.2002); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (since 27 1.2002); First Vice President Vicente WILLIAMS Agasse (since 27 1.2002); Second Vice President Armida Villela Maria DE LOPEZ Contreras (since 27 1.2002); Third Vice President Alberto DIAZ Lobo (since 27 1.2002); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 25 11.2001 (next to be held 27 11. 2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (PN) elected president - 52.2%, Raphael PINEDA Ponce (PL) 44.3%, others 3.5%
Hong Kong Staatspräsident: President of China HU Jintao (since 15 3.2003)
Regierungschef: Chief Executive Donald TSANG (since 24 6. 2005)
Kabinett: Executive Council consists of seven non-official members und 14 official members
Wahlen: previous chief executive TUNG Chee-hwa was elected to second five-year term in 3.2002 by 800-member election committee dominated by pro-Beijing forces, resignation accepted 12 3.2005; Donald TSANG acted as chief executive between 12 3.2005 und 25 5. 2005; Henry TANG acted as chief executive between 25 5.2005 und 24 6.2005; last election 16 6.2005 to fill final two Jahre of TUNG's term (next to be held in 6.2007)
Ungarn Staatspräsident: Laszlo SOLYOM (since 5 8. 2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ferenc GYURCSANY (since 29 9.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 6-7 6.2005 (next to be held by 6.2010); prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; election last held 29 9.2004
Wahlergebnisse: Laszlo SOLYOM elected president by a simple majority in the third round of voting, 185 to 182; Ferenc GYURCSANY elected prime minister; result of legislative vote - 197 to 12
Achtung: to be elected, the president must win two-thirds of legislative vote in the first two rounds or a simple majority in the third round
Island Staatspräsident: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 8.1996)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Halldor ASGRIMSSON (since 15 9.2004); note - Former Prime Minister David ODDSSON switched positions with former Foreign Minister Halldor ASGRIMMSON
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister und approved by parliament
Wahlen: president, which is largely a ceremonial post, elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 26 6.2004 (next to be held 6.2008); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually the prime minister
Wahlergebnisse: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON wins with 85.6% of the vote, Baldur AGUSTSSON 12.5%, Astthor MAGNUSSON 1.9%
Indien Staatspräsident: President A.P.J. Abdul KALAM (since 26 7.2002); Vice President Bhairon Singh SHEKHAWAT (since 19 8.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Manmohan SINGH (since keine Angabe 5. 2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both houses of Parliament und the legislatures of the states for a five-year term; election last held 7.2002 (next to be held 18 7.2007); vice president elected by both houses of Parliament for a five-year term; election last held 12 8.2002 (next to be held 8.2007); prime minister chosen by parliamentary members of the majority party following legislative elections; election last held 4.- 5.2004 (next to be held 5.2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Abdul KALAM elected president; percent of electoral college vote - 89.6%; Bhairon Singh SHEKHAWAT elected vice president; percent of Parliament vote - 59.8%
Indonesien Staatspräsident: President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 10.2004) und Vice President Muhammad Yusuf KALLA (since 20 10.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 10.2004) und Vice President Muhammad Yusuf KALLA (since 20 10. 2004);
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president were elected for five-year terms by direct vote of the citizenry; last held 20 9. 2004 (next to be held in 9.2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO elected president receiving 60.6% of vote; MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri received 39.4%
Iran Staatspräsident: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Hoseini-KHAMENEI (since 4 6.1989)
Regierungschef: President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD (since 3 8. 2005) First Vice President Dr. Mohammad Reza AREF-Yazdi (since 26 8. 2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers selected by the president with legislative approval; the Supreme Leader has some control over appointments to the more sensitive ministries
Wahlen: leader of the Islamic Revolution appointed for life by the Assembly of Experts; president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 17 6.2005 with a two-candidate runoff on 24 6.2005 (next to be held keine Angabe 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD elected president; percent of vote - Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD 62%, Ali Akbar Hashemi RAFSANJANI 36%; note - 2% of ballots spoiled
Irak Staatspräsident: Iraqi Transitional Government (ITG) President Jalal TALABANI (since 6 4.2005); Deputy Presidents Adil Abd AL-MAHDI und Ghazi al-Ujayl al-YAWR (since 6 4.2005); note - the President und Deputy Presidents comprise the Presidency Council)
Regierungschef: Iraqi Transitional Government (ITG) Prime Minister Ibrahim al-JAFARI (since 4.2005); Deputy Prime Ministers Rowsch SHAWAYS, Ahmad CHALABI, und Abid al-Mutlaq al-JABBURI (since 5. 2005)
Kabinett: 32 ministers appointed by the Presidency Council, plus Prime Minister Ibrahim al-JAFARI, Deputy Prime Ministers Rowsch SHAWAYS, Ahmad CHALABI, und Abid al-Mutlaq al-JABBURI
Wahlen: held 30 1.2005 to elect a 275-member Transitional National Assembly that will draft a permanent constitution und pave the way for new national elections at the end of 2005
Irland Staatspräsident: President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 11.1997)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Bertie AHERN (since 26 6. 1997)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister und approval of the House of Representatives
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 31 10.1997 (next scheduled for 10. 2011); note - Mary MCALEESE appointed to a second term when no andere candidate qualified for the 2004 presidential election; prime minister nominated by the House of Representatives und appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Mary MCALEESE elected president; percent of vote - Mary MCALEESE 44.8%, Mary BANOTTI 29.6%
Achtung: government coalition - Fianna Fail und the Progressive Democrats
Israel Staatspräsident: President Moshe KATZAV (since 31 7.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ariel SHARON (since 7 3. 2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet selected by prime minister und approved by the Knesset
Wahlen: president is largely a ceremonial role und is elected by the Knesset for a seven-year term; election last held 31 7.2000 (next to be held mid-2007); following legislative elections, the president assigns a Knesset member - traditionally the leader of the largest party - the task of forming a governing coalition; election last held 28 1.2003 (next scheduled to be held fall of 2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Moshe KATZAV elected president by the 120-member Knesset with a total of 60 votes, andere candidate, Shimon PERES, received 57 votes (there were three abstentions); Ariel SHARON continues as prime minister after Likud Party victory in 1.2003 Knesset elections; Likud won 38 seats und then formed coalition government with Shinui, the National Religious Party, und the National Union
Italien Staatspräsident: President Carlo Azeglio CIAMPI (since 13 5.1999)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister (referred to in Italien as the president of the Council of Ministers) Silvio BERLUSCONI (since 10 6. 2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister und approved by the president
Wahlen: president elected by an electoral college consisting of both houses of parliament und 58 regional representatives for a seven-year term; election last held 13 5.1999 (next to be held 5. 2006); prime minister appointed by the president und confirmed by parliament
Wahlergebnisse: Carlo Azeglio CIAMPI elected president; percent of electoral college vote - 70%
Achtung: a four-party government coalition einschließlich Forza Italia, National Alliance, Northern League, und Union of Christian Democrats und Center Democrats
Jamaika Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Sir Howard Felix COOKE (since 1 8.1991)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Percival James PATTERSON (since 30 3.1992)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Representatives is appointed prime minister by the governor general; the deputy prime minister is recommended by the prime minister
Japan Staatspräsident: Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 1.1989)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Junichiro KOIZUMI (since 26 4.2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: Diet designates prime minister; constitution requires that prime minister commands parliamentary majority; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition in House of Representatives usually becomes prime minister; KOIZUMI's term as leader of the LDP is scheduled to end in 9. 2006; a new prime minister may be chosen at that time; monarch is hereditary
Jersey Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952)
Regierungschef: Lieutenant Governor und Commander in Chief Air Chief Marshall Sir John CHESHIRE (since 24 1.2001) und Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since keine Angabe 2.1995)
Kabinett: committees appointed by the Assembly of the States
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor und bailiff appointed by the monarch
Jordanien Staatspräsident: King ABDALLAH II (since 7 2.1999); Prince HUSSEIN (born 1994), son of King ABDALLAH, is first in line to inherit the throne
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Adnan BADRAN (since 7 4. 2005); Deputy Prime Ministers Marwan al-MUASHER und Hisham al-TEL (since 3 7.2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Kasachstan Staatspräsident: President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the Supreme Soviet von 22 2.1990, elected president 1 12.1991)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Daniyal AKHMETOV (since 13 6.2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Akhmetzhan YESIMOV (since 14 5. 2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 10 1.1999, a year before it was previously scheduled (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); note - President NAZARBAYEV's previous term was extended to 2000 by a nationwide referendum held 30 4.1995; prime minister und first deputy prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV reelected president; percent of vote - Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV 81.7%, Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN 12.1%, Gani KASYMOV 4.7%, Engels GABBASSOV 1.5%
Achtung: President NAZARBAYEV arranged a referendum in 1995 that expanded his presidential powers: only he can initiate constitutional amendments, appoint und dismiss the government, dissolve Parliament, call referenda at his discretion, und appoint administrative heads of regions und cities
Kenia Staatspräsident: President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 12.2002) und Vice President Moody AWORI (since 25 9. 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 12. 2002) und Vice President Moody AWORI (since 25 9.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; in addition to receiving the largest number of votes in absolute terms, the presidential candidate must also win 25% or more of the vote in at least five of Kenia's seven provinces und one area to avoid a runoff; election last held 27 12.2002 (next to be held 12. 2007); vice president appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: President Mwai KIBAKI elected; percent of vote - Mwai KIBAKI 63%, Uhuru KENYATTA 30%
Kiribati Staatspräsident: President Anote TONG (since 10 7.2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO; note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Anote TONG (since 10 7.2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO; note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: 12-member Cabinet appointed by the president von among the members of the House of Parliament
Wahlen: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates von among its members und then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 4 7.2003 (next to be held not later than 7.2007); vice president appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Anote TONG 47.4%, Harry TONG 43.5%, Banuera BERINA 9.1%
Nord-Korea Staatspräsident: KIM Jong Il (since 7.1994); note - on 3 9.2003, rubberstamp Supreme People's Assembly (SPA) reelected KIM Jong Il Chairman of the National Defense Commission, a position accorded nation's "highest administrative authority"; SPA reelected KIM Yong Nam President of its Presidium also with responsibility of representing state und receiving diplomatic credentials; SPA appointed PAK Pong Ju Premier
Regierungschef: Premier PAK Pong Ju (since 3 9.2003); Vice Premiers KWAK Pom Gi (since 5 9.1998), JON Sung Hun (since 3 9.2003), RO Tu Chol (since 3 9.2003)
Kabinett: Cabinet (Naegak), members, except for the Minister of People's Armed Forces, are appointed by the SPA
Wahlen: election last held in 9.2003 (next to be held in 9.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: KIM Jong Il und KIM Yong Nam were only nominees for positions und ran unopposed
Süd-Korea Staatspräsident: President ROH Moo-hyun (since 25 2.2003)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister LEE Hae-chan (since 25 5. 2004); Deputy Prime Ministers HAN Duck-soo (14 3.2005), KIM Jin-pyo (since 28 1.2005), und OH Myung (since 18 10.2004)
Kabinett: State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for single five-year term; election last held 19 12.2002 (next to be held in 2. 2008); prime minister appointed by president with consent of National Assembly; deputy prime ministers appointed by president on prime minister's recommendation
Wahlergebnisse: results of the 19 12.2002 election - ROH Moo-hyun elected president; percent of vote - ROH Moo-hyun (MDP) 48.9%; LEE Hoi-chang (GNP) 46.6%; andere 4.5%
Kuwait Staatspräsident: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 31 12.1977); Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdullah al-Salim al-Sabah
Regierungschef: Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 13 7.2003); First Deputy Prime Minister und Minister of the Interior NAWWAF al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 2001) und Muhammad Dayfallah al-SHARAR (since 2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister und approved by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Kirgisistan Staatspräsident: President Kurmanbek BAKIYEV (since 14 8.2005); note - former President Askar AKAYEV resigned effective 11 4.2005 following widespread protests that forced him to flee the Land on 24 3.2005
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Feliks KULOV (since 1 9.2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: Kurmanbek BAKIYEV elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 10 7.2005 (next scheduled for keine Angabe 2010); prime minister nominated by the president for approval by Parliament
Wahlergebnisse: Kurmanbek BAKIYEV elected president; percent of vote - Kurmanbek BAKIYEV 88.6%, Tursunbai BAKIR-UULU 3.9%, andere candidates 7.5%; Feliks KULOV approved as prime minister 55-8
Laos Staatspräsident: President Gen. KHAMTAI Siphadon (since 26 2.1998) und Vice President Lt. Gen. CHOUMMALI Saignason (since 27 3.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister BOUNGNANG Volachit (since 27 3.2001); First Deputy Prime Minister Bouasone BOUPHAVANH (since 3 10.2003) Deputy Prime Minister Maj. Gen. ASANG Laoli (since 5. 2002), Deputy Prime Minister THONGLOUN Sisolit (since 27 3.2001), und Deputy Prime Minister SOMSAVAT Lengsavat (since 26 2.1998)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 24 2.2002 (next to be held in 2007); prime minister appointed by the president with the approval of the National Assembly for a five-year term
Wahlergebnisse: KHAMTAI Siphadon elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - keine Angabe
Lettland Staatspräsident: President Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA (since 8 7.1999)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Aigars KALVITIS (since 2 12.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister und appointed by the Parliament
Wahlen: president reelected by Parliament for a four-year term; election last held 20 6.2003 (next to be held by 6.2007); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA reelected president; parliamentary vote - Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA 88 of 94 votes cast
Libanon Staatspräsident: President Emile LAHUD (since 24 11.1998)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Fuad SINIORA (since 30 6. 2005); Deputy Prime Minister Elias MURR (since 4.2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president und members of the National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly for a six-year term; election last held 15 10.1998 (next election date keine Angabe); note - on 3 9.2004 the National Assembly voted 96 to 29 to extend Emile LAHUD's six-year term by three Jahre; the prime minister und deputy prime minister appointed by the president in consultation with the National Assembly; by agreement, the president is a Maronite Christian, the prime minister is a Sunni Muslim, und the speaker of the legislature is a Shia Muslim
Wahlergebnisse: for 15 10.1998 election: Emile LAHUD elected president; National Assembly vote - 118 votes in favor, 0 against, 10 abstentions
Lesotho Staatspräsident: King LETSIE III (since 7 2.1996); note - King LETSIE III formerly occupied the throne von 11.1990 to 2.1995, while his father was in exile
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Pakalitha MOSISILI (since 23 5.1998)
Kabinett: Cabinet
Wahlen: keine; according to the constitution, the leader of the majority party in the Assembly automatically becomes prime minister; the monarch is hereditary, but, under the terms of the constitution, which came into effect after the 3.1993 election, the monarch is a "living symbol of national unity" with no executive or legislative powers; under traditional law the college of chiefs has the power to determine who is next in the line of succession, who shall serve as regent in the event that the successor is not of mature Alter, und may even depose the monarch
Liberia Staatspräsident: Chairman Gyude BRYANT (since 14 10.2003); note - this is an interim position until presidential elections in 2005; the chairman is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: Chairman Gyude BRYANT (since 14 10. 2003); note - this is an interim position until presidential elections in 2005; the chairman is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president und confirmed by the Senate; note - current cabinet positions are divided among groups participating in the Liberian peace process
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (renewable); election last held 19 7.1997 (next to be held 11 10. 2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Charles Ghankay TAYLOR elected president; percent of vote - Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (NPP) 75.3%, Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF (UP) 9.6%, Alhaji KROMAH (ALCOP) 4%, andere 11.1%; note - TAYLOR stepped down in 8.2003
Achtung: a UN-brokered cease-fire among warring factions und the Liberian government resulted in the 8.2003 resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR; a jointly agreed upon replacement, Chairman Gyude BRYANT, assumed office as head of the National Transitional Government on 14 10.2003
Libyen Staatspräsident: Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 9.1969); note - holds no official title, but is de facto chief of state
Regierungschef: Secretary of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister) Shukri Muhammad GHANIM (since 14 6.2003)
Kabinett: General People's Committee established by the General People's Congress
Wahlen: national elections are indirect bis a hierarchy of people's committees; head of government elected by the General People's Congress; election last held 2 3.2000 (next to be held keine Angabe)
Wahlergebnisse: keine Angabe
Liechtenstein Staatspräsident: Prince HANS ADAM II (since 13 11.1989, assumed executive powers 26 8.1984); Heir Apparent Prince ALOIS, son of the monarch (born 11 6.1968); note - on 15 8.2004, HANS ADAM transferred the official duties of the ruling prince to ALOIS, but HANS ADAM retains status of chief of state
Regierungschef: Head of Government Ottmar HASLER (since 5 4.2001) und Deputy Head of Government Rita KIEBER-BECK (since 5 4.2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet elected by the parliament, confirmed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party in the Landtag is usually appointed the head of government by the monarch und the leader of the largest minority party in the Landtag is usually appointed the deputy head of government by the monarch
Litauen Staatspräsident: President Valdas ADAMKUS (since 12 7.2004)
Regierungschef: Premier Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 3 7.2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 13 6.2004 und 27 6.2004 (next to be held 6.2009); premier appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament
Wahlergebnisse: Valdas ADAMKUS elected president; percent of vote - Valdas ADAMKUS 52.2%, Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE 47.8%
Luxemburg Staatspräsident: Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 10.2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch, born 11 11.1981)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jean-Claude JUNCKER (since 1 1.1995) und Vice Prime Minister Jean ASSELBORN (since 31 7. 2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister und appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; following popular elections to the Chamber of Deputies, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the monarch; they are responsible to the Chamber of Deputies
Achtung: government coalition - CSV und LSAP
Macau Staatspräsident: President of China HU Jintao (since 15 3.2003)
Regierungschef: Chief Executive Edmund HO Hau-wah (since 20 12.1999)
Kabinett: Executive Council consists of one government secretary, four legislators, four businessmen, und one pro-Beijing unionist
Wahlen: chief executive chosen by a 300-member Election Committee for up to two five-year terms
Wahlergebnisse: Edmund HO Hau-wah reelected on 29 8.2004; received 296 votes in Election Committee out of 300 possible; 3 members submitted blank ballots; 1 member was absent
Mazedonien Staatspräsident: President Branko CRVENKOVSKI (since 12 5.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Vlado BUCKOVSKI (since 17 12.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly; note - current cabinet formed by the government coalition parties SDSM, LDP, und BDI
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; two-round election last held 14 4.und 28 4.2004 (next to be held 4.2009); prime minister elected by the Assembly; election last held 1 11.2002 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Branko CRVENKOVSKI elected president on second-round ballot; percent of vote - Branko CRVENKOVSKI 62.7%, Sasko KEDEV 37.3%; Vlado BUCKOVSKI elected prime minister by the Assembly
Madagaskar Staatspräsident: President Marc RAVALOMANANA (since 6 5.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jacques SYLLA (27 5.2002)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 12.2001 (next to be held 11. 2006); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: percent of vote - Didier RATSIRAKA (AREMA) 37.7%, Marc RAVALOMANANA (TIM) 50.5%
Malawi Staatspräsident: President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (since 24 5.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (since 24 5. 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: 46-member Cabinet named by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 20 5.2004 (next to be held 5.2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Bingu wa MUTHARIKA elected president; percent of vote - Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (UDF) 35.9%, John TEMBO (MCP) 27.1%, Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA (MC) 25.7%, Brown MPINGANJIRA (NDA) 8.7%, Justin MALEWEZI (independent) 2.5%
Malaysia Staatspräsident: Paramount Ruler Tuanku SYED SIRAJUDDIN ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail, the Raja of Perlis (since 12 12.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi (since 31 10.2003); Deputy Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Razak (since 7 1.2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister von among the members of Parliament with consent of the paramount ruler
Wahlen: paramount ruler elected by und von the hereditary rulers of nine of the states for five-year terms; election last held 12 12.2001 (next to be held in 2006); prime minister designated von among the members of the House of Representatives; following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins a plurality of seats in the House of Representatives becomes prime minister
Wahlergebnisse: Tuanku SYED SIRAJUDDIN ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail elected paramount ruler
Malediven Staatspräsident: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 11.1978); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 11.1978); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president nominated by the Majlis und then the nomination must be ratified by a national referendum (at least a 51% approval margin is required); president elected for a five-year term; election last held 17 10.2003 (next to be held keine Angabe 2008)
Wahlergebnisse: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected in referendum held 17 10.2003; percent of popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM 90.3%
Mali Staatspräsident: President Amadou Toumani TOURE (since 8 6.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ousmane Issoufi MAIGA (since 30 4.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (two-term limit); election last held 12 5.2002 (next to be held 5. 2007); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Amadou Toumani TOURE elected president; percent of vote - Amadou Toumani TOURE 64.4%, Soumaila CISSE 35.6%
Malta Staatspräsident: President Eddie FENECH ADAMI (since 4 4.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Lawrence GONZI (since 23 3. 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term; election last held 29 3.2004 (next to be held by 4.2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlergebnisse: Eddie FENECH ADAMI elected president; percent of House of Representatives vote - 33 out of 65 votes
Insel Man Staatspräsident: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Ian MACFADYEN (since 26 10.2002)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister Donald GELLING (since 14 12.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the Chief Minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 14 12.2004 (next to be held 12.2010)
Wahlergebnisse: Donald GELLING elected chief minister by the Tynwald; note - Richard CORKILL resigned 2 12.2004
Marshallinseln Staatspräsident: President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 5 1.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 5 1. 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet selected by the president von among the members of Parliament
Wahlen: president elected by Parliament von among its own members for a four-year term; election last held 17 11.2003 (next to be held 11.2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Kessai Hesa NOTE elected president; percent of Parliament vote - 100%
Martinique Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995); Prefect Yves DASSONVILLE (since 14 1. 2004); note - took office 8 2.2004
Regierungschef: President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 3.1992); President of the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since keine Angabe 3.1998)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General und Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
Mauretanien Staatspräsident: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA (since 12 12.1984); note - President TAYA deposed in a coup by the Military Council for Justice und Democracy led by Col. Ely Ould Mohamed VALL on 3 8.2005
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sidi Mohamed Ould BOUBAKAR (since 8 8.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 7 11.2003 (next to be held keine Angabe 2009); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA reelected for a third term with 60.8% of the vote
Mauritius Staatspräsident: President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 7 10.2003) und Vice President Abdool Raouf BUNDHUN (since 25 2.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Paul BERENGER (since 30 9.2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms; election last held 25 2.2002 (next to be held keine Angabe 2007); prime minister und deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly
Wahlergebnisse: Karl OFFMANN elected president und Raouf BUNDHUN elected vice president; percent of vote by the National Assembly - keine Angabe; note - Karl OFFMANN stepped down on 30 9.2003
Mayotte Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by Prefect Jean-Paul KIHL (since 17 1.2005)
Regierungschef: President of the General Council Said Omar OILI (since keine Angabe 2004)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the General Council elected by the members of the General Council for a six-year term
Mexiko Staatspräsident: President Vicente FOX Quesada (since 1 12.2000); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Vicente FOX Quesada (since 1 12.2000); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president; note - appointment of attorney general requires consent of the Senate
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 2 7.2000 (next to be held 2 7.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Vicente FOX Quesada elected president; percent of vote - Vicente FOX Quesada (PAN) 42.52%, Francisco LABASTIDA Ochoa (PRI) 36.1%, Cuauhtemoc CARDENAS Solorzano (PRD) 16.64%, andere 4.74%
Mikronesien Staatspräsident: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 5.2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 5.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 5. 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 5.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by Congress von among the four senators at large for four-year terms; election last held 11 5.2003 (next to be held 5.2007); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president und vice president failed
Wahlergebnisse: Joseph J. URUSEMAL elected president; percent of Congress vote - keine Angabe; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - keine Angabe
Moldawien Staatspräsident: President Vladimir VORONIN (since 4 4.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Vasile TARLEV (since 15 4. 2001), First Deputy Prime Minister Vasile IOVV (since 29 1.2002)
Kabinett: selected by president, subject to approval of Parliament
Wahlen: president elected by Parliament for a four-year term; election last held 4 4.2005 (next to be held keine Angabe 2009); note - prime minister designated by the president, upon consultation with Parliament; within 15 days von designation, the prime minister-designate must request a vote of confidence von the Parliament regarding his/her work program und entire cabinet; prime minister designated 15 4.2001, cabinet received a vote of confidence 19 4.2001
Wahlergebnisse: Vladimir VORONIN reelected president; parliamentary votes - Vladimir VORONIN 75, Gheorghe DUCA 1; Vasile TARLEV designated prime minister; parliamentary votes of confidence - 75 of 101
Monako Staatspräsident: Prince ALBERT II (since 6 4.2005)
Regierungschef: Minister of State Jean-Paul PROUST (since 1 6.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; minister of state appointed by the monarch von a list of three French national candidates presented by the French Government
Mongolei Staatspräsident: President Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (since 24 6.2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Tsakhi ELBEGDORJ (since 20 8.2004); Deputy Prime Minister Chultem ULAAN (since 28 9. 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the State Great Hural (parliament) in consultation with the president
Wahlen: presidential candidates nominated by political parties represented in State Great Hural und elected by popular vote for a four-year term; presidential tenure limited to two four-year terms; election last held 22 5.2005 (next to be held in 5.2009); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by State Great Hural
Wahlergebnisse: Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR elected president; percent of vote - Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (MPRP) 53.44%, Mendsaikhanin ENKHSAIKHAN (DP) 20.05%, Bazarsadyn JARGALSAIKHAN (MRP) 13.92%, Badarchyn ERDENEBAT (M-MNSDP) 12.59%; Tsakhi ELBEGDORJ elected prime minister by the State Great Hural 74 to 0
Montserrat Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor Deborah BARNES-JONES (since 10 5.2004)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister John OSBORNE (since 5 4. 2001)
Kabinett: Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three andere ministers, the attorney general, und the finance secretary
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister
Marokko Staatspräsident: King MOHAMED VI (since 30 7. 1999)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Driss JETTOU (since 9 10. 2002)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch following legislative elections
Mosambik Staatspräsident: President Armando GUEBUZA (since 2 2.2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Luisa DIOGO (since 17 2. 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 1-2 12.2004 (next to be held 12. 2009); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Armando GUEBUZA elected president; percent of vote - Armando GUEBUZA 63.7%, Afonso DHLAKAMA 31.7%
Namibia Staatspräsident: President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 15 11.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Nahas ANGULA (since 21 3. 2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president von among the members of the National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 11.2004 (next to be held 11. 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Hifikepunye POHAMBA elected president; percent of vote - keine Angabe
Nauru Staatspräsident: President Ludwig SCOTTY (since 26 10.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Ludwig SCOTTY (since 26 10. 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president von among the members of Parliament
Wahlen: president elected by Parliament for a three-year term; election last held 23 10.2004 (next to be held keine Angabe 2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Ludwig SCOTTY was unopposed in the parliamentary elections for president
Nepal Staatspräsident: King GYANENDRA Bir Bikram Shah (succeeded to the throne 4 6.2001 following the death of his nephew, King DIPENDRA Bir Bikram Shah)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur DEUBA; note - the Prime Minister resigned in Februrary 2005
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; note - the King dissolved the Cabinet in 2. 2005
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch
Achtung: King BIRENDRA Bir Bikram Shah Dev died in a bloody shooting at the royal palace on 1 6.2001 that also claimed the lives of most of the royal family; King BIRENDRA's son, Crown Price DIPENDRA, is believed to have been responsible for the shootings before fatally wounding himself; immediately following the shootings und while still clinging to life, DIPENDRA was crowned king; he died three days later und was succeeded by his uncle
Niederlande Staatspräsident: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 4. 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 4.1967), son of the monarch
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 7.2002) und Deputy Prime Ministers Gerrit ZALM (since 27 5.2003) und Laurens Jan BRINKHORST (since 31 3.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; vice prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Achtung: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, und councilors that provides consultations to the cabinet on legislative und administrative policy
Niederl. Antillen Staatspräsident: Queen BEATRIX of the Niederlande (since 30 4.1980), represented by Governor General Frits GOEDGEDRAG (since 1 7.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Etienne YS (since 3 6.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (legislature)
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch for a six-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually elected prime minister by the Staten; election last held 18 1.2002 (next to be held by keine Angabe 2006)
Achtung: government coalition - PAR, PNP, PLKP, DP St. Maarten, UP Bonaire, WIPM Saba, DP Statia
Neukaledonien Staatspräsident: President of Frankreich Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 5.1995), represented by High Commissioner Michel MATHIEU (since 15 7.2005)
Regierungschef: President of the Government Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU (since 10 6.2004)
Kabinett: Consultative Committee
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; hoch commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the government elected by the members of the Territorial Congress; note - last election held 29 6.2004 when Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU was elected on the third vote with 8 votes for und 3 abstentions
Neuseeland Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Dame Silvia CARTWRIGHT (since 4 4.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Helen CLARK (since 10 12. 1999) und Deputy Prime Minister Michael CULLEN (since keine Angabe 7.2002)
Kabinett: Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Nicaragua Staatspräsident: President Enrique BOLANOS Geyer (since 10 1.2002); Vice President Alfredo GOMEZ (since 10 10.2005); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Enrique BOLANOS Geyer (since 10 1.2002); Vice President Alfredo GOMEZ (since 10 10.2005); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 4 11.2001 (next to be held by 11.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Enrique BOLANOS Geyer (PLC) elected president - 56.3%, Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (FSLN) 42.3%, Alberto SABORIO (PCN) 1.4%; Jose RIZO Castellon elected vice president
Niger Staatspräsident: President TANDJA Mamadou (since 22 12.1999); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President TANDJA Mamadou (since 22 12. 1999); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government; Prime Minister Hama AMADOU (since 31 12.1999) was appointed by the president und shares some executive responsibilities with the president
Kabinett: 27-member Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; second round last held 4 12.2004 (next to be held 12. 2009); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: TANDJA Mamadou reelected president; percent of vote - TANDJA Mamadou 65.5%, Mahamadou ISSOUFOU 34.5%
Nigeria Staatspräsident: President Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 5.1999); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 5. 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Federal Executive Council
Wahlen: president is elected by popular vote for no more than two four-year terms; election last held 19 4.2003 (next to be held keine Angabe 2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Olusegun OBASANJO elected president; percent of vote - Olusegun OBASANJO (PDP) 61.9%, Muhammadu BUHARI (ANPP) 31.2%, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu OJUKWU (APGA) 3.3%, andere 3.6%
Niue Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952); the Großbritannien und Neuseeland are represented by Neuseeland High Commissioner John BRYAN (since keine Angabe 5.2000)
Regierungschef: Premier Young VIVIAN (since 1 5.2002)
Kabinett: Cabinet consists of the premier und three ministers
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held 12 5. 2005 (next to be held 5.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Young VIVIAN reelected premier; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - Young VIVIAN (NPP) 85%, O'Love JACOBSEN (independent) 15%
Norfolk Insel Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952); the Großbritannien und Australien are represented by Administrator Grant TAMBLING (since 1 11.2003)
Regierungschef: Assembly President und Chief Minister Geoffrey Robert GARDNER (since 5 12.2001)
Kabinett: Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy und acts as an advisor to the administrator
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australien; chief minister elected by the Legislative Assembly for a term of not more than three Jahre; election last held 20 Ocotber 2004 (next to be held by 12.2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Geoffrey Robert GARDNER elected chief minister; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - 17.2%
Northern Mariana Inseln Staatspräsident: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 1.2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 1.2001)
Regierungschef: Governor Juan N. BABAUTA (since 14 1. 2002); Lieutenant Governor Diego T. BENAVENTE (since 14 1.2002)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: US president und vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor und lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 3 11.2001 (next to be held 11.2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Juan N. BABAUTA elected governor in a four-way race; percent of vote - Juan N. BABAUTA (Republican Party) 42.8%
Norwegen Staatspräsident: King HARALD V (since 17 1.1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 7.1973)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jens STOLTENBERG (since 17 10.2005)
Kabinett: State Council appointed by the monarch with the approval of parliament
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch with the approval of the parliament
Oman Staatspräsident: Sultan und Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (since 23 7.1970); note - the monarch is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: Sultan und Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (since 23 7.1970); note - the monarch is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary
Pakistan Achtung: following a military takeover on 12 10.1999, Chief of Army Staff und Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Pervez MUSHARRAF, suspended Pakistan's constitution und assumed the additional title of Chief Executive; on 12 5.2000, Pakistan's Supreme Court unanimously validated the 10. 1999 coup und granted MUSHARRAF executive und legislative authority for three Jahre von the coup date; on 20 6.2001, MUSHARRAF named himself as president und was sworn in, replacing Mohammad Rafiq TARAR; in a referendum held on 30 4.2002, MUSHARRAF's presidency was extended by five more Jahre; on 1 1.2004, MUSHARRAF won a vote of confidence in the Senate, National Assembly, und four provincial assemblies
Staatspräsident: President General Pervez MUSHARRAF (since 20 6. 2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Shaukat AZIZ (since 28 8. 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: the president is elected by Parliament for a five-year term; note - in a referendum held on 30 4.2002, MUSHARRAF's presidency was extended by five more Jahre (next to be held keine Angabe 2007); the prime minister is selected by the National Assembly for a five-year term (next to be held keine Angabe 2007)
Wahlergebnisse: AZIZ elected by the National Assembly on 27 8.2004 with 191 of the votes
Palau Staatspräsident: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. (since 19 1.2001) und Vice President Camsek CHIN (since 1 1.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. (since 19 1.2001) und Vice President Camsek CHIN (since 1 1.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 2 11.2004 (next to be held 11.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. reelected president; percent of vote - Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. 64%, Polycarp BASILIUS 33%; Elias Camsek CHIN elected vice president; percent of vote - Elias Camsek CHIN 70%, Sandra PIERANTOZZI 29%
Panama Staatspräsident: President Martin TORRIJOS Espino (since 1 9.2004); First Vice President Samuel LEWIS Navarro (since 1 9.2004); Second Vice President Ruben AROSEMENA Valdes (since 1 9.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Martin TORRIJOS Espino (since 1 9.2004); First Vice President Samuel LEWIS Navarro (since 1 9.2004); Second Vice President Ruben AROSEMENA Valdes (since 1 9.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice presidents elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 2 5. 2004 (next to be held 3 5.2009); note - beginning in 2009, Panama will have only one vice president.
Wahlergebnisse: Martin TORRIJOS Espino elected president; percent of vote - Martin TORRIJOS Espino 47.5%, Guillermo ENDARA Galimany 30.6%, Jose Miguel ALEMAN 17%, Ricardo MARTINELLI 4.9%
Achtung: government coalition - PRD (Democratic Revolutionary Party), PP (Popular Party)
Papua-Neuguinea Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 6.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 8.2002); deputy prime minister (vacant)
Kabinett: National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the National Executive Council; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the governor general
Paraguay Staatspräsident: President Nicanor DUARTE Frutos (since 15 8.2003); Vice President Luis CASTIGLIONI Joria (since 15 8.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Nicanor DUARTE Frutos (since 15 8.2003); Vice President Luis CASTIGLIONI Joria (since 15 8. 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers nominated by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 27 4. 2003 (next to be held 4.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Nicanor DUARTE Frutos elected president; percent of vote - Nicanor DUARTE Frutos 37.1%, Julio Cesar Ramon FRANCO Gomez 23.9%, Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella 21.3%, Guillermo SANCHEZ Guffanti 13.5%, andere 4.2%
Peru Staatspräsident: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique (since 28 7.2001); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government; additionally, the constitution provides for two vice presidents, First Vice President (vacant) und Second Vice President David WAISMAN Rjavinsthi (since 28 7.2001)
Regierungschef: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique (since 28 7.2001); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government; additionally, the constitution provides for two vice presidents, First Vice President (vacant) und Second Vice President David WAISMAN Rjavinsthi (since 28 7.2001)
Achtung: Prime Minister Pedro Pablo KUCZYNSKI (since 25 8.2005) does not exercise executive power; this power is in the hands of the president
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; special presidential und congressional elections held 8 4. 2001, with runoff election held 3 6.2001; next to be held 9 4. 2006
Wahlergebnisse: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique elected president in runoff election; percent of vote - Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique 53.1%, Alan GARCIA 46.9%
Philippinen Staatspräsident: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 1.2001); note - president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (since 20 1.2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president with consent of Commission of Appointments
Wahlen: president und vice president (Manuel "Noli" DE CASTRO) elected on separate tickets by popular vote for six-year terms; election last held 10 5.2004 (next to be held in 5.2010)
Wahlergebnisse: results of the election - Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO elected president; percent of vote - Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO 40%, Fernando POE 37%, three others 23%
Pitcairn-Inseln Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Großbritannien High Commissioner to Neuseeland und Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn-Inseln Richard FELL (since keine Angabe 12.2001); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since 9.2003); serves as liaison between the governor und the Insel Council
Regierungschef: Governor Richard FELL; mayor und chairman of the Insel Council Jay WARREN (since 15 12.2004)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: the monarchy is hereditary; hoch commissioner und commissioner appointed by the monarch; Insel mayor elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held 12.2004 (next to be held 12.2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Jay WARREN elected mayor und chairman of the Insel Council
Polen Staatspräsident: President Aleksander KWASNIEWSKI (since 23 12.1995)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Marek BELKA (since 24 6. 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Izabela JARUGA-NOWACKA (since 24 6.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers responsible to the prime minister und the Sejm; the prime minister proposes, the president appoints, und the Sejm approves the Council of Ministers
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 9 und 23 10.2005 (next to be held 10. 2010); prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the president und confirmed by the Sejm
Wahlergebnisse: Lech KACZYNSKI elected president; percent of popular vote - Lech KACZYNSKI 54%, Donald Tusk 46%; note - president-elect KACZYNSKI's inauguration to take place on 23 12. 2005
Portugal Staatspräsident: President Jorge SAMPAIO (since 9 3.1996)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Jose SOCRATES (since 12 3. 2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Achtung: there is also a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 14 1.2001 (next to be held 1.2006); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Jorge SAMPAIO reelected president; percent of vote - Jorge SAMPAIO (Socialist) 55.8%, Joaquim FERREIRA Do Amaral (Social Democrat) 34.5%, Antonio ABREU (Communist) 5.1%
Puerto Rico Staatspräsident: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 1.2001)
Regierungschef: Governor Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA (since 2 1. 2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor with the consent of the legislature
Wahlen: US president und vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 2 11.2004 (next to be held 11.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA (PPD) elected governor; percent of vote - 48.4%
Katar Staatspräsident: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani (since 27 6.1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad al-Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince TAMIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, third son of the monarch (selected Heir Apparent by the monarch on 5 8.2003); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of Minister of Defense und Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
Regierungschef: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa al-Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 10.1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 1. 1998); First Deputy Prime Minister HAMAD bin JASIM bin JABIR al-Thani (since 16 9.2003; also Foreign Minister since 1992); Second Deputy Prime Minister Abdallah bin Hamad al-ATTIYAH (since 16 9. 2003; also Energy Minister since keine Angabe 1992)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary
Achtung: in 4.2003, Katar held nationwide elections for a 29-member Central Municipal Council (CMC), which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal Dienstleistungen; the first election for the CMC was held in 3.1999
Reunion Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by Prefect Laurent CAYREL (since 16 7.2005)
Regierungschef: President of the General Council Jean-Luc POUDROUX (since keine Angabe 3.1998) und President of the Regional Council Paul VERGES (since keine Angabe 3.1993)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the General und Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
Rumänien Staatspräsident: President Traian BASESCU (since 20 12.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Calin Popescu-TARICEANU (since 29 12.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 28 11.2004, with runoff between the top two candidates held 12 12.2004 (next to be held 28 11.2009 und 12 12.2009); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: percent of vote - Traian BASESCU 51.23%, Adrian NASTASE 48.77%
Russland Staatspräsident: President Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN (acting president since 31 12.1999, president since 7 5.2000)
Regierungschef: Premier Mikhail Yefimovich FRADKOV (since 5 3.2004); Deputy Premier Aleksandr Dmitriyevich ZHUKOV (since 9 3. 2004)
Kabinett: Ministries of the Government or "Government" composed of the premier und his deputy, ministers, und selected andere individuals; all are appointed by the president
Achtung: there is also a Presidential Administration (PA) that provides staff und policy support to the president, drafts presidential decrees, und coordinates policy among government agencies; a Security Council also reports directly to the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 14 3.2004 (next to be held 3.2008); note - no vice president; if the president dies in office, cannot exercise his powers because of ill health, is impeached, or resigns, the premier succeeds him; the premier serves as acting president until a new presidential election is held, which must be within three months; premier appointed by the president with the approval of the Duma
Wahlergebnisse: Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN reelected president; percent of vote - Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN 71.2%, Nikolay KHARITONOV 13.7%, andere (no candidate above 5%) 15.1%
Ruanda Staatspräsident: President Paul KAGAME (since 22 4.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Bernard MAKUZA (since 8 3. 2000)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: last held 25 8.2003 (next to be held keine Angabe 2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Paul KAGAME elected president in first direct popular vote; Paul KAGAME 95.05%, Faustin TWAGIRAMUNGU 3.62%, Jean-Nepomuscene NAYINZIRA 1.33%
St. Helena Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952)
Regierungschef: Governor und Commander in Chief Michael CLANCY (since 15 10.2004)
Kabinett: Executive Council consists of the governor, two ex officio officers, und six elected members of the Legislative Council
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor is appointed by the monarch
St. Kitts und Nevis Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 1.1996)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 7.1995) und Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 7.1995)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
St. Lucia Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since 9.1997)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Kenneth Davis ANTHONY (since 24 5.1997) und Deputy Prime Minister Mario MICHEL (since 24 5.1997)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
St. Pierre und M. Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by Prefect Albert DUPUY (since 10 1.2005)
Regierungschef: President of the General Council Marc PLANTAGENEST (since keine Angabe)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held, first round - 21 4.2002, second round - 5 5.2002 (next to be held keine Angabe 2007); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the General Council is elected by the members of the council
St. Vincent und Gr. Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 9.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 3.2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Samoa Staatspräsident: Chief Tanumafili II MALIETOA (cochief of state von 1 1.1962 until becoming sole chief of state 5 4.1963)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA (since 1996); note - TUILA'EPA served as deputy prime minister von 1992 und assumed the duties of acting prime minister in 1996, when former Prime Minister TOFILAU Eti Alesana resigned in poor health; TUILA'EPA was confirmed as prime minister (11.1998) after TOFILAU died; Deputy Prime Minister MISA Telefoni (since 2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet consists of 12 members, appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice
Wahlen: upon the death of Chief Tanumafili II MALIETOA, a new chief of state will be elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly
San Marino Staatspräsident: cochiefs of state Captain Regent Claudio MUCCIOLI und Captain Regent Antonello BACCIOCHI (for the period 1 10.2005 - 31 3.2006)
Regierungschef: Secretary of State for Foreign und Political Affairs Fabio BERARDI (15 12.2003)
Kabinett: Congress of State elected by the Great und General Council for a five-year term
Wahlen: cochiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great und General Council for a six-month term; election last held keine Angabe 9.2005 (next to be held 3.2006); secretary of state for foreign und political affairs elected by the Great und General Council for a five-year term; election last held 13 12.2003 (next to be held 6.2006 when general elections are scheduled)
Wahlergebnisse: Claudio MUCCIOLI und Antonello BACCIOCHI elected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - keine Angabe; Fabio BERARDI elected secretary of state for foreign und political affairs; percent of legislative vote - keine Angabe
Achtung: the popularly elected parliament (Grand und General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (cochiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand und General Council und its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 10 andere members, all selected by the Grand und General Council; assisting the captains regent are 10 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some of the prerogatives of a prime minister
Sao Tome und Pr. Staatspräsident: President Fradique DE MENEZES (since 3 9.2001)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Maria do Carmo SILVEIRA (since 7 6.2005); Damiao Vaz DE ALMEIDA resigned 2 6.2005
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 29 7.2001 (next to be held 7.2006); prime minister chosen by the National Assembly und approved by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Fradique DE MENEZES elected president in Sao Tome's third multiparty presidential election; percent of vote - keine Angabe
Saudi-Arabien Staatspräsident: King und Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 8.2005); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SULTAN bin Abd al- Aziz Al Saud (half brother of the monarch, born 5 1.1928) note - the monarch is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: King und Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 8.2005); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SULTAN bin Abd al- Aziz Al Saud (half brother of the monarch, born 5 1. 1928) note - the monarch is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers is appointed by the monarch und einschließlich many royal family members
Wahlen: note - in 10.2003, Council of Ministers announced its intent to introduce elections for half of the members of local und provincial assemblies und a third of the members of the national Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura, incrementally over a period of four to five Jahre; in 11.2004, the Ministry of Municipal und Rural Affairs initiated voter registration for partial municipal council elections scheduled nationwide for 2.bis 4.2005
Senegal Staatspräsident: President Abdoulaye WADE (since 1 4.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Macky SALL (since 21 4. 2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term under new constitution; election last held under prior constitution (seven-year terms) 27 2.und 19 3.2000 (next to be held 2.2007); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Abdoulaye WADE elected president; percent of vote in the second round of voting - Abdoulaye WADE (PDS) 58.49%, Abdou DIOUF (PS) 41.51%
Serbien und Mont. Staatspräsident: President Svetozar MAROVIC (since 7 3.2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Svetozar MAROVIC (since 7 3. 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Federal Ministries act as Cabinet
Wahlen: president elected by the parliament for a four-year term; election last held 7 3.2003 (next to be held 2007)
Wahlergebnisse: Svetozar MAROVIC elected president by the parliament; vote was Svetozar MAROVIC 65, andere 47
Seychellen Staatspräsident: President James MICHEL (since 14 4.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President James MICHEL (since 14 4.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 31 August-2 9.2001 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Frankreich Albert RENE re-elected president; percent of vote - Frankreich Albert RENE (SPPF) 54.19%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (UO) 44.95%, Philippe BOULLE 0.86%; note - the first time that presidential elections have been held separately von legislative elections; Frankreich Albert RENE stepped down 14 4.2004 und Vice President James MICHEL was sworn in as president
Sierra Leone Staatspräsident: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 3.1996, reinstated 10 3.1998); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 3. 1996, reinstated 10 3.1998); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Ministers of State appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 14 5.2002 (next to be held 5.2007); note - president's tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms
Wahlergebnisse: Ahmad Tejan KABBAH reelected president; percent of vote - Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (SLPP) 70.6%, Ernest KOROMA (APC) 22.4%
Singapur Staatspräsident: President Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN (since 1 9.1999)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 8.2004); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 12 8.2004); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since 12 8.2004); Deputy Prime Ministers Shunmugan JAYAKUMAR (since 12 8.2004) und Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 8.1995)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by president, responsible to Parliament
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for six-year term; last appointed 17 8.2005 (next election to be held by 8.2011); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by president
Wahlergebnisse: Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN appointed president in 8.2005 after Presidential Elections Committee disqualified three andere would-be candidates
Slowakei Staatspräsident: President Ivan GASPAROVIC (since 15 6.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Mikulas DZURINDA (since 30 10.1998); Deputy Prime Minister Ivan MIKLOS (since 30 10. 1998); Deputy Prime Minister Pal CSAKY (since 30 10.1998); Deputy Prime Minister Pavol RUSKO (since 5.2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by direct, popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 3 4.und 17 4.2004 (next to be held 4.2009); following National Council elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Ivan GASPAROVIC elected president in runoff; percent of vote - Ivan GASPAROVIC 59.9%, Vladimir MECIAR 40.1%; Mikulas DZURINDA reelected prime minister 10.2002
Achtung: government coalition - SDKU, SMK, KDH, ANO
Slowenien Staatspräsident: President Janez DRNOVSEK (since 22 12.2002)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Janez JANSA (since 9 11. 2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister und elected by the National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 10 11.und 1 12.2002 (next to be held in the fall of 2007); following National Assembly elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually nominated to become prime minister by the president und elected by the National Assembly; election last held 9 11.2004 (next National Assembly elections to be held 10.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Janez DRNOVSEK elected president; percent of vote - Janez DRNOVSEK 56.5%, Barbara BREZIGAR 43.5%; Janez JANSA elected prime minister; National Assembly vote - 57 to 27
Salomonen Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Nathaniel WAENA (since 7 7.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA (since 17 12.2001); Deputy Prime Minister Snyder RINI (since 17 12. 2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet consists of 20 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister von among the members of Parliament
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of Parliament for up to five Jahre; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister von among the members of Parliament
Somalia Staatspräsident: Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed (since 14 10.2004); note - a new Transitional Federal Government consisting of a 275-member parliament was established in 10.2004 but remains resident in Nairobi, Kenia, und has not extablished effective governance inside Somalia
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ali Muhammad GHEDI (since 24 12.2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister und approved by the Transitional Federal Assembly
Wahlergebnisse: Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed, the leader of the Puntland region of Somalia, was elected president by the Transitional Federal Assembly
Südafrika Staatspräsident: President Thabo MBEKI (since 16 6.1999); Executive Deputy President Phumzile MLAMBO-NGCUKA (since 23 6.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Thabo MBEKI (since 16 6.1999); Executive Deputy President Phumzile MLAMBO-NGCUKA (since 23 6.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 24 4.2004 (next to be held 4. 2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Thabo MBEKI elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 100% (by acclamation)
Achtung: ANC-IFP is the governing coalition
Spanien Staatspräsident: King JUAN CARLOS I (since 22 11.1975); Heir Apparent Prince FELIPE, son of the monarch, born 30 1.1968
Regierungschef: President of the Government und Prime Minister Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO (since 17 4.2004); First Vice President und Deputy Prime Minister (und Minister of the Presidency) Maria Teresa FERNANDEZ DE LA VEGA (since 18 4.2004) und Second Vice President (und Minister of Economy und Finance) Pedro SOLBES (since 18 4.2004)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers designated by the president
Achtung: there is also a Council of State that is the supreme consultative organ of the government, but its recommendations are non-binding
Wahlen: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually proposed president by the monarch und elected by the National Assembly; election last held 14 3.2004 (next to be held 3.2008); vice presidents appointed by the monarch on the proposal of the president
Wahlergebnisse: Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO (PSOE) elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52.29%
Sri Lanka Staatspräsident: President Chandrika Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA (since 12 11.1994); note - Mahinda RAJAPAKSE (since 6 4.2004) is the prime minister; the president is considered both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Chandrika Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA (since 12 11.1994); note - Mahinda RAJAPAKSE is the prime minister (since 6 4.2004); the president is considered both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president in consultation with the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 21 12.1999 (next to be held keine Angabe 12.2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Chandrika Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA reelected president; percent of vote - Chandrika Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA 51%, Ranil WICKREMASINGHE 42%, andere 7%
Sudan Staatspräsident: President Lt. Gen. Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 10.1993); First Vice President Salva KIIR (since 4 8.2005), Second Vice President Ali Osman TAHA (since 20 9.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Lt. Gen. Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 10.1993); First Vice President Salva KIIR (since 4 8.2005), Second Vice President Ali Osman TAHA (since 20 9.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president; note - the National Congress Party or NCP (formerly the National Islamic Front or NIF) dominates al-BASHIR's cabinet
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 13-23 12.2000 (next to be held keine Angabe)
Wahlergebnisse: Field Marshall Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR reelected president; percent of vote - Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR 86.5%, Ja'afar Muhammed NUMAYRI 9.6%, three andere candidates received a combined vote of 3.9%; election widely viewed as rigged; all popular opposition parties boycotted elections because of a lack of guarantees for a free und fair election
Achtung: al-BASHIR assumed power as chairman of Sudan's Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation (RCC) in 6.1989 und served concurrently as chief of state, chairman of the RCC, prime minister, und minister of defense until mid-10.1993 when he was appointed president by the RCC; he was elected president by popular vote for the first time in 3.1996
Suriname Staatspräsident: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 8.2000); Vice President Jules Rattankoemar AJODHIA (since 12 8.2000); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 8.2000); Vice President Jules Rattankoemar AJODHIA (since 12 8. 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president von among the members of the National Assembly
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by the National Assembly or, if no presidential or vice presidential candidate receives a a two-thirds constitutional majority in the National Assembly after two votes, by a simple majority in the larger People's United Assembly (869 representatives von the national, local, und regional councils), for five-year terms; election last held 25 5.2005 (next to be held 25 5.2010)
Spitzbergen Staatspräsident: King HARALD V of Norwegen (since 17 1.1991)
Regierungschef: Governor Odd Olsen INGERO (since 8 6.2001) und Assistant Governor Rune Baard HANSEN (since keine Angabe)
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor und assistant governor responsible to the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice
Swasiland Staatspräsident: King MSWATI III (since 25 4.1986)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Absolom Themba DLAMINI (since 14 11.2003)
Kabinett: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister und confirmed by the monarch
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Schweden Staatspräsident: King CARL XVI GUSTAF (since 19 9.1973); Heir Apparent Princess VICTORIA Ingrid Alice Desiree, daughter of the monarch (born 14 7.1977)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Goran PERSSON (since 21 3. 1996)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the prime minister is elected by the parliament; election last held 15 9.2002 (next to be held keine Angabe 9.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Goran PERSSON reelected prime minister with 131 out of 349 votes
Schweiz Staatspräsident: President Samuel SCHMID (since 1 1.2005); Vice President Moritz LEUENBERGER (since 1 1. 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Samuel SCHMID (since 1 1. 2005); Vice President Moritz LEUENBERGER (since 1 1.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) elected by the Federal Assembly usually von among its own members for a four-year term
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by the Federal Assembly von among the members of the Federal Council for one-year terms that run concurrently; election last held 8 12.2004 (next to be held 12.2005)
Wahlergebnisse: Samuel SCHMID elected president; percent of Federal Assembly vote - 70.7%; Moritz LEUENBERGER elected vice president; percent of legislative vote - 64.8%
Syrien Staatspräsident: President Bashar al-ASAD (since 17 7.2000); Vice Presidents Abd al-Halim ibn Said KHADDAM (since 11 3.1984) und Muhammad Zuhayr MASHARIQA (since 11 3. 1984)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Muhammad Naji al-UTRI (since 10 9.2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; referendum/election last held 10 7.2000 - after the death of President Hafiz al-ASAD, father of Bashar al-ASAD - (next to be held 2007); vice presidents appointed by the president; prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Bashar al-ASAD elected president; percent of vote - Bashar al-ASAD 97.29%
Achtung: Hafiz al-ASAD died on 10 6.2000; on 20 6.2000, the Ba'th Party nominated Bashar al-ASAD for president und presented his name to the People's Council on 25 6.2000
Taiwan Staatspräsident: President CHEN Shui-bian (since 20 5.2000) und Vice President Annette LU (LU Hsiu-lien) (since 20 5.2000)
Regierungschef: Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) Frank HSIEH (since 1 2.2005) und Vice Premier (Vice President of the Executive Yuan) - WU Rong-i) (since 18 2.2005)
Kabinett: Executive Yuan appointed by the president
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 20 3. 2004 (next to be held in 3.2008); premier appointed by the president; vice premiers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the premier
Wahlergebnisse: CHEN Shui-bian re-elected president; percent of vote - CHEN Shui-bian (DPP) 50.1%, LIEN Chan (KMT) 49.9%
Tadschikistan Staatspräsident: President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 11.1994; head of state und Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 11.1992)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 1. 1999)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 6 11.1999 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); prime minister appointed by the president; Tadschikistan held a constitutional referendum on 22 6.2003 that, among andere things, set a limit of two seven-year terms for the president
Wahlergebnisse: Emomali RAHMONOV elected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 97%, Davlat USMON 2%
Tansania Staatspräsident: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 11.1995); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 7.2001); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 11.1995); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 7. 2001); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Achtung: Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government for matters internal to Zanzibar; Amani Abeid KARUME was elected to that office on 29 10.2000
Kabinett: Cabinet ministers, einschließlich the prime minister, are appointed by the president von among the members of the National Assembly
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 29 10.2000 (next to be held 30 10.2005); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Benjamin William MKAPA reelected president; percent of vote - Benjamin William MKAPA 71.7%, Ibrahim Haruna LIPUMBA 16.3%, Augustine Lyatonga MREME 7.8%, John Momose CHEYO 4.2%
Thailand Staatspräsident: King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet (since 9 6.1946)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat (since 9 2.2001) und Deputy Prime Ministers CHITCHAI Wannasathi (since 11 3.2005), PHINIT Charusombat (since 6 10.2004), SOMKHIT Chatusiphithak (since 11 3.2005), SURAKIAT Sathianthai (since 11 3.2005); SURIYA Chungrungruankit (since 3 8.2005), SUWAT Liptapanlop (since 3 8.2005), WISANU Kruangam (since 8 11. 2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers
Achtung: there is also a Privy Council
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister is designated von among the members of the House of Representatives; following national elections for the House of Representatives, the leader of the party that can organize a majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the king
Togo Staatspräsident: President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 6 2.2005); note - Gnassingbe EYADEMA died on 5 2. 2005 und was succeeded by his son, Faure GNASSINGBE; popular elections in 4.2005 validated the succession
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Edem KODJO (since 8 6.2005)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president und the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 24 4.2005 (next to be held keine Angabe); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Faure GNASSINGBE elected president; percent of vote - Faure GNASSINGBE 60.2%, Emmanuel Akitani BOB 38.3%, Nicolas LAWSON 1.0%, Harry OLYMPIO 0.6%
Tokelau Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General of Neuseeland Dame Silvia CARTWRIGHT (since 4 4.2001); Neuseeland is represented by Administrator Neil WALTER (since 1 3.2003)
Regierungschef: Pio TUIA (since 2.2005); note - position rotates annually among the three Faipule (village leaders)
Kabinett: the Council for the Ongoing Government of Tokelau, consisting of three Faipule (village leaders) und three Pulenuku (village mayors) functions as a cabinet
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs und Trade in Neuseeland; the head of government is chosen von the Council of Faipule und serves a one-year term
Tonga Staatspräsident: King Taufa'ahau TUPOU IV (since 16 12.1965)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Prince Lavaka ata ULUKALALA (since 3 1.2000) und Deputy Prime Minister James C. COCKER (since keine Angabe 1.2001)
Kabinett: cabinet consists of 16 members, 12 appointed by the monarch for life; 4 appointed von among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly einschließlich 2 each von the Nobles und Peoples representatives serving three year terms
Achtung: there is also a Privy Council that consists of the monarch, the Cabinet, und two governors
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister und deputy prime minister appointed for life by the monarch
Trinidad und Tobago Staatspräsident: President George Maxwell RICHARDS (since 17 3.2003)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Patrick MANNING (since 24 12.2001)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed von among the members of Parliament
Wahlen: president elected by an electoral college, which consists of the members of the Senate und House of Representatives, for a five-year term; election last held 14 2.2003 (next to be held in 2008); the president usually appoints as prime minister the leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives
Wahlergebnisse: George Maxwell RICHARDS elected president; percent of electoral college vote - 43%
Tunesien Staatspräsident: President Zine El Abidine BEN ALI (since 7 11.1987)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Mohamed GHANNOUCHI (since 17 11.1999)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 24 10.2004 (next to be held 10.2009); prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: President Zine El Abidine BEN ALI reelected for a fourth term; percent of vote - Zine El Abidine BEN ALI 94.5%, Mohamed BOUCHIHA 3.8%, Mohamed Ali HALOUANI 1%
Türkei Staatspräsident: President Ahmet Necdet SEZER (since 16 5.2000)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (14 3. 2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly for a seven-year term; election last held 5 5.2000 (next to be held 5. 2007); prime minister appointed by the president von among members of parliament
Wahlergebnisse: Ahmed Necdet SEZER elected president on the third ballot; percent of National Assembly vote - 60%
Achtung: president must have a two-thirds majority of the National Assembly on the first two ballots und a simple majority on the third ballot
Turkmenistan Staatspräsident: President und Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 10.1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President und Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 10.1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
Achtung: NIYAZOV's term in office was extended indefinitely on 28 12.1999 during a session of the People's Council (Halk Maslahaty)
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 6.1992 (next to be held in 2008 when NIYAZOV turns 70 und is constitutionally ineligible to run); note - President NIYAZOV was unanimously approved as president for life by the People's Council on 28 12.1999; deputy chairmen of the cabinet of ministers are appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Saparmurat NIYAZOV elected president without opposition; percent of vote - Saparmurat NIYAZOV 99.5%
Turks und Caicos I. Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1953), represented by Governor Richard TAUWHARE (since 11 7. 2005)
Regierungschef: Chief Minister Michael Eugene MISICK (since 15 8.2003)
Kabinett: Executive Council consists of three ex officio members und five appointed by the governor von among the members of the Legislative Council
Wahlen: keine; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed chief minister by the governor
Tuvalu Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952), represented by Governor General Filoimea TELITO (since 15 4.2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Maatia TOAFA (since 11 10. 2004)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Wahlen: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; prime minister und deputy prime minister elected by und von the members of Parliament; election last held 11 10.2004 (next to be held following parliamentary elections in 2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Saufatu SOPOANGA resigned parliamentary seat on 27 8.2004 following no-confidence vote on 25 8.2004; succeeded by Deputy Prime Minister Maatia TOAFA in an acting capacity on 27 8. 2004; Maatia TOAFA confirmed Prime Minister in a Parliamentary election (8-7 vote) on 11 10.2004
Uganda Staatspräsident: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 26 1.1986); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 29 1.1986); Prime Minister Apollo NSIBAMBI (since 5 4.1999); note - the president is both chief of state und head of government; the prime minister assists the president in the supervision of the cabinet
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president von among elected legislators
Wahlen: president reelected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 12 3.2001 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); note - first popular election for president since independence in 1962 was held in 1996; prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI elected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI 69.3%, Kizza BESIGYE 27.8%
Ukraine Staatspräsident: President Viktor A. YUSHCHENKO (since 23 1.2005)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Yuriy YEKHANUROV (since 22 9.2005); First Deputy Prime Minister - Stanislav STASHEVSKYY (since 27 9.2005)
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president und approved by the Supreme Council
Achtung: there is also a National Security und Defense Council or NSDC originally created in 1992 as the National Security Council, but significantly revamped und strengthened under former-President KUCHMA; the NSDC staff is tasked with developing national security policy on domestic und international matters und advising the president; a Presidential Administration that helps draft presidential edicts und provides policy support to the president; und a Council of Regions that serves as an advisory body
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; note - a special repeat runoff presidential election between Viktor YUSHCHENKO und Viktor YANUKOVYCH took place on 26 12.2004 after the earlier 21 11.2004 contest - won by Mr. YANUKOVYCH - was invalidated by the Ukrainian Supreme Court because of widespread und significant violations; prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the president und approved by the Supreme Council
Wahlergebnisse: Viktor YUSHCHENKO elected president; percent of vote - Viktor YUSHCHENKO 51.99%, Viktor YANUKOVYCH 44.2%
Ver. Arab. Emirate Staatspräsident: President Sheikh KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 3 11.2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 11.2004) und Vice President MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 10.1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 10.1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai); Deputy Prime Minister SULTAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 11.1990); Deputy Prime Minister HAMDAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 10.2003)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Achtung: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the V. Arab. Emirate; establishes general policies und sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) und Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power
Wahlen: president und vice president elected by the Federal Supreme Council (composed of rulers of the seven emirates) for five-year terms; election last held 3 11.2004 upon the death of the V. Arab. Emirate's Founding Father und first President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (next to be held 2009); prime minister und deputy prime minister appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Sheikh KHALIFA bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan elected president by a unanimous vote of the FSC; MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum unanimously reaffirmed vice president
Großbritannien Staatspräsident: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 2.1952); Heir Apparent Prince CHARLES (son of the queen, born 14 11.1948)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Anthony (Tony) BLAIR (since 2 5.1997)
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Wahlen: keine; the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually the prime minister
Vereinigte Staaten Staatspräsident: President George W. BUSH (since 20 1.2001); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President George W. BUSH (since 20 1. 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by a college of representatives who are elected directly von each state; president und vice president serve four-year terms; election last held 2 11.2004 (next to be held 11.2008)
Wahlergebnisse: George W. BUSH reelected president; percent of popular vote - George W. BUSH (Republican Party) 50.9%, John KERRY (Democratic Party) 48.1%, andere 1.0%
Uruguay Staatspräsident: President Tabare VAZQUEZ (since 1 3.2005) und Vice President Rodolfo NIN NOVA (since 1 3. 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Tabare VAZQUEZ (since 1 3.2005) und Vice President Rodolfo NIN NOVA (since 1 3.2005); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president with parliamentary approval
Wahlen: president und vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 31 10.2004 (next to be held 10.2009)
Wahlergebnisse: Tabare VAZQUEZ elected president; percent of vote - Tabare VAZQUEZ 50.5%, Jorge LARRANAGA 35.1%, Guillermo STIRLING 10.3%
Usbekistan Staatspräsident: President Islom KARIMOV (since 24 3.1990, when he was elected president by the then Supreme Soviet)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYAYEV (since 11 12.2003)
Kabinett: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of the Supreme Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (previously was a five-year term, extended by constitutional amendment in 2002); election last held 9 1.2000 (next to be held 12.2007); prime minister und deputy ministers appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Islom KARIMOV reelected president; percent of vote - Islom KARIMOV 91.9%, Abdulkhafiz JALALOV 4.2%
Vanuatu Staatspräsident: President Kalkot Matas KELEKELE (since 16 8.2004)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Ham LINI (since 11 12. 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Sato KILMAN (since 11 12.2004); Prime Minister Serge VOHOR ousted in no-confidence vote on 11 12.2004
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament
Wahlen: president elected for a five-year term by an electoral college consisting of Parliament und the presidents of the regional councils; election for president last held 16 8.2004 (next to be held in 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament von among its members; election for prime minister last held 29 7.2004 (next to be held following general elections in 2008)
Wahlergebnisse: Kalkot Matas KELEKELE elected president, with 49 votes out of 56, after several ballots on 16 8.2004
Venezuela Staatspräsident: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 2.1999); Vice President Jose Vicente RANGEL Vale (since 28 4.2002); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 2. 1999); Vice President Jose Vicente RANGEL Vale (since 28 4.2002); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 30 7.2000 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Hugo CHAVEZ Frias reelected president; percent of vote - 60%
Achtung: a special presidential recall vote on 15 8.2004 resulted in a victory for CHAVEZ; percent of vote - 58% in favor of CHAVEZ fulfilling the remaining two Jahre of his term, 42% in favor of terminating his presidency immediately
Vietnam Staatspräsident: President Tran Duc LUONG (since 24 9.1997)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Phan Van KHAI (since 25 9.1997); First Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Tan DUNG (since 29 9.1997); Deputy Prime Ministers Vu KHOAN (8 8.2002) und Pham Gia KHIEM (since 29 9.1997)
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by president based on proposal of prime minister und ratification of National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by the National Assembly von among its members for a five-year term; election last held 25 7.2002 (next to be held when National Assembly meets following legislative elections in 2007); prime minister appointed by the president von among the members of the National Assembly; deputy prime ministers appointed by the prime minister
Wahlergebnisse: Tran Duc LUONG elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - keine Angabe
Jungfern-Inseln Staatspräsident: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 1.2001)
Regierungschef: Governor Dr. Charles Wesley TURNBULL (since 5 1.1999)
Kabinett: keine Angabe
Wahlen: US president und vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor und lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 5 11.2002 (next to be held 11.2006)
Wahlergebnisse: Dr. Charles Wesley TURNBULL reelected governor; percent of vote - Dr. Charles Wesley TURNBULL (Democrat) 50.5%, John de JONGH 24.4%
Wallis und Futuna Staatspräsident: President Jacques CHIRAC of Frankreich (since 17 5.1995), represented by High Administrator Xavier DE FURST (since 18 1.2005)
Regierungschef: President of the Territorial Assembly Patalione KANIMOA (since keine Angabe 1.2001)
Kabinett: Council of the Territorium consists of three kings und three members appointed by the hoch administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
Achtung: there are three traditional kings with limited powers
Wahlen: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; hoch administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government und the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly
West-Sahara keine
Jemen Staatspräsident: President Ali Abdallah SALIH (since 22 5.1990, the former president of North Jemen, assumed office upon the merger of North und South Jemen); Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd al-Rab Mansur al-HADI (since 3 10.1994)
Regierungschef: Prime Minister Abd al-Qadir BA JAMAL (since 4 4.2001)
Kabinett: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Wahlen: president elected by direct, popular vote for a seven-year term (recently extended von a five-year term by constitutional amendment); election last held 23 9.1999 (next to be held keine Angabe 2006); vice president appointed by the president; prime minister und deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Ali Abdallah SALIH elected president; percent of vote - Ali Abdallah SALIH 96.3%, Najib Qahtan AL-SHAABI 3.7%
Sambia Staatspräsident: President Levy MWANAWASA (since 2 1.2002); Vice President Lupando MWAPE (since 4 10. 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: President Levy MWANAWASA (since 2 1. 2002); Vice President Lupando MWAPE (since 4 10.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president von among the members of the National Assembly
Wahlen: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 27 12.2001 (next to be held 12. 2006); vice president appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Levy MWANAWASA elected president; percent of vote - Levy MWANAWASA 29%, Anderson MAZOKA 27%, Christon TEMBO 13%, Tilyenji KAUNDA 10%, Godfrey MIYANDA 8%, Benjamin MWILA 5%, Michael SATA 3%, andere 5%
Simbabwe Staatspräsident: Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 12.1987); Vice President Joyce MUJURU (since 6 12.2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Regierungschef: Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 12.1987); Vice President Joyce MUJURU (since 6 12. 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state und head of government
Kabinett: Cabinet appointed by the president; responsible to the House of Assembly
Wahlen: presidential candidates nominated with a nomination paper signed by at least 10 registered voters (at least one von each province) und elected by popular vote for a 6-year term; election last held 9-11 3.2002 (next to be held 3.2008); co-vice presidents appointed by the president
Wahlergebnisse: Robert Gabriel MUGABE reelected president; percent of vote - Robert Gabriel MUGABE 56.2%, Morgan TSVANGIRAI 41.9%
Quelle, bis auf die teilweisen Übersetzungen kaum Eigenleistung, Stand: Dezember 2005

Foto Politik: der alte und neue deutsche Bundespräsident Horst Köhler
Foto Politik: der alte und neue deutsche Bundespräsident Horst Köhler
Veröffentlichung mit freundlicher Genehmigung des Rechteinhabers, © by Heiko Trurnit

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