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Die Sortierung der Länder geschieht nach der englischen Schreibweise!

Land Regierungsform
Afghanistan Islamic Republik
Albanien emerging democracy
Algerien Republik
Amerikanisch Samoa keine Angabe
Andorra parlamentarische Demokratie (since 3.1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of Frankreich und bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spanien, who are represented locally by coprinces' representatives
Angola Republik, nominally a multiparty democracy with a strong presidential system
Anguilla keine Angabe
Antarktis Antarctic Treaty Summary - the Antarctic Treaty, signed on 1 12.1959 und entered into force on 23 6.1961, establishes the legal framework for the management of Antarktis; the 27th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting was held in Cape Town, Südafrika in Mai-6.2004; at these periodic meetings, decisions are made by consensus (not by vote) of all consultative member nations; at the end of 2003, there were 45 treaty member nations: 28 consultative und 17 non-consultative; consultative (decision-making) members include the seven nations that claim portions of Antarktis as national Territorium (some claims overlap) und 21 non-claimant nations; the US und Russland have reserved the right to make claims; the US does not recognize the claims of others; Antarktis is administered bis meetings of the consultative member nations; decisions von these meetings are carried out by these member nations (with respect to their own nationals und operations) in accordance with their own national laws; the year in parentheses indicates when an acceding nation was accepted as a consultative member, while no date indicates the Land was an original 1959 treaty signatory; claimant nations are - Argentinien, Australien, Chile, Frankreich, Neuseeland, Norwegen, und the Großbritannien. Nonclaimant consultative nations are - Belgien, Brasilien (1983), Bulgarien (1998) China (1985), Ecuador (1990), Finnland (1989), Deutschland (1981), Indien (1983), Italien (1987), Japan, Süd-Korea (1989), Niederlande (1990), Peru (1989), Polen (1977), Russland, Südafrika, Spanien (1988), Schweden (1988), Ukraine (1992), Uruguay (1985), und the US; non-consultative members, with year of accession in parentheses, are - Österreich (1987), Kanada (1988), Kolumbien (1989), Kuba (1984), Tschechien(1993), Dänemark (1965), Estland (2001), Griechenland (1987), Guatemala (1991), Ungarn (1984), Nord-Korea (1987), Papua-Neuguinea (1981), Rumänien (1971), Slowakei (1993), Schweiz (1990), Türkei (1995), und Venezuela (1999); Article 1 - area to be used for peaceful purposes only; military activity, such as weapons testing, is prohibited, but military personnel und equipment may be used for scientific research or any andere peaceful purpose; Article 2 - freedom of scientific investigation und cooperation shall continue; Article 3 - free exchange of information und personnel, cooperation with the UN und andere international agencies; Article 4 - does not recognize, dispute, or establish territorial claims und no new claims shall be asserted while the treaty is in force; Article 5 - prohibits nuclear explosions or disposal of radioactive wastes; Article 6 - einschließlich under the treaty all land und Eis shelves south of 60 degrees 00 minutes south und reserves hoch seas rights; Article 7 - treaty-state observers have free access, einschließlich aerial observation, to any area und may inspect all stations, installations, und equipment; advance notice of all expeditions und of the introduction of military personnel must be given; Article 8 - allows for jurisdiction over observers und scientists by their own states; Article 9 - frequent consultative meetings take place among member nations; Article 10 - treaty states will discourage activities by any Land in Antarktis that are contrary to the treaty; Article 11 - disputes to be settled peacefully by the parties concerned or, ultimately, by the ICJ; Articles 12, 13, 14 - deal with upholding, interpreting, und amending the treaty among involved nations; andere agreements - some 200 recommendations adopted at treaty consultative meetings und ratified by governments include - Agreed Measures for Fauna und Flora (1964) which were later incorporated into the Environmental Protocol; Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (1972); Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (1980); a mineral resources agreement was signed in 1988 but remains unratified; the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty was signed 4 10. 1991 und entered into force 14 1.1998; this agreement provides for the protection of the Antarctic environment bis five specific annexes: 1) environmental impact assessment, 2) conservation of Antarctic fauna und flora, 3) waste disposal und waste management, 4) prevention of marine pollution, und 5) area protection und management; it prohibits all activities relating to mineral resources except scientific research; a permanent Antarctic Treaty Secretariat was established in 2004 in Buenos Aires, Argentinien
Antigua und Barbuda konstitutionelle Monarchie with Großbritannien-style parliament
Argentinien Republik
Armenien Republik
Aruba parlamentarische Demokratie
Australien democratic, federal-state system recognizing the British monarch as sovereign
Österreich federal Republik
Aserbaidschan Republik
Bahamas constitutional parlamentarische Demokratie
Bahrain constitutional hereditary monarchy
Bangladesch parlamentarische Demokratie
Barbados parlamentarische Demokratie; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Weißrussland (Belarus) Republik in name, although in fact a dictatorship
Belgien federal parlamentarische Demokratie under a constitutional monarch
Belize parlamentarische Demokratie
Benin Republik under multiparty democratic rule; dropped Marxism-Leninism 12.1989
Bermuda parliamentary British Überseeterritorium with internal self-government
Bhutan monarchy; special treaty relationship with Indien
Bolivien Republik
Bosnien und Herzegowina emerging federal demokratische Republik
Botsuana parlamentarische Republik
Brasilien föderative Republik
Br. Jungfern-Inseln keine Angabe
Brunei constitutional sultanate
Bulgarien parlamentarische Demokratie
Burkina Faso parlamentarische Republik
Myanmar (Burma) military junta
Burundi Republik
Kambodscha multiparty democracy under a konstitutionelle Monarchie established in 9.1993
Kamerun unitary Republik; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
Achtung: preponderance of power remains with the president
Kanada a konstitutionelle Monarchie that is also a parlamentarische Demokratie und a federation
Kap Verde Republik
Cayman Inseln britische Kronkolonie
Zentralafrika Republik
Tschad Republik
Chile Republik
China Communist state
Weihnachts-Insel keine Angabe
Cocos (Keeling) Inseln keine Angabe
Kolumbien Republik; executive branch dominates government structure
Komoren independent Republik
Kongo (Kinshasa) dictatorship; presumably undergoing a transition to representative government
Kongo (Brazzaville) Republik
Cook-Inseln self-governing parlamentarische Demokratie
Costa Rica demokratische Republik
Elfenbeinküste Republik; multiparty presidential regime established 1960
Kroatien presidential/parlamentarische Demokratie
Kuba Communist state
Zypern Republik
Achtung: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the Insel began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in 7. 1974 that followed a Greek junta-supported coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 11.1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence und the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Zypern" (TRNC), recognized only by Türkei
Tschechien parlamentarische Demokratie
Dänemark konstitutionelle Monarchie
Dschibuti Republik
Dominica parlamentarische Demokratie; Republik within the Commonwealth
Dominikanische Republik repräsentative Demokratie
Osttimor Republik
Ecuador Republik
Ägypten Republik
El Salvador Republik
Äquatorialguinea Republik
Eritrea transitional government
Achtung: following a successful referendum on independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea on 23-25 4.1993, a National Assembly, composed entirely of the People's Front for Democracy und Justice or PFDJ, was established as a transitional legislature; a Constitutional Commission was also established to draft a constitution; ISAIAS Afworki was elected president by the transitional legislature; the constitution, ratified in 5.1997, did not enter into effect, pending parliamentary und presidential elections; parliamentary elections had been scheduled in 12.2001, but were postponed indefinitely; currently the sole legal party is the People's Front for Democracy und Justice (PFDJ)
Estland parlamentarische Republik
Äthiopien federal Republik
Falkland-Inseln keine Angabe
Färöer-Inseln keine Angabe
Fidschi Republik
Achtung: military coup leader Maj. Gen. Sitiveni RABUKA formally declared Fidschi a Republik on 6 10.1987
Finnland Republik
Frankreich Republik
Französisch Guyana keine Angabe
Franz. Polynesien keine Angabe
Gabun Republik; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
Gambia Republik under multiparty democratic rule
Georgien Republik
Deutschland federal Republik
Ghana constitutional democracy
Gibraltar keine Angabe
Griechenland parlamentarische Republik; monarchy rejected by referendum 8 12.1974
Grönland parlamentarische Demokratie within a konstitutionelle Monarchie
Grenada konstitutionelle Monarchie with Westminster-style parliament
Guadeloupe keine Angabe
Guam keine Angabe
Guatemala constitutional demokratische Republik
Guernsey keine Angabe
Guinea Republik
Guinea-Bissau Republik, multiparty since mid-1991
Guyana Republik within the Commonwealth
Haiti elected government
Vatikan (Holy See) ecclesiastical
Honduras democratic constitutional Republik
Hong Kong limited democracy
Ungarn parlamentarische Demokratie
Island constitutional Republik
Indien federal Republik
Indonesien Republik
Iran theocratic Republik
Irak keine; note - the Iraqi Interim Government (IG) was appointed on 1 6.2004
Irland Republik
Israel parlamentarische Demokratie
Italien Republik
Jamaika constitutional parlamentarische Demokratie
Japan konstitutionelle Monarchie with a parliamentary government
Jersey keine Angabe
Jordanien konstitutionelle Monarchie
Kasachstan Republik; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Kenia Republik
Kiribati Republik
Nord-Korea Communist state one-man dictatorship
Süd-Korea Republik
Kuwait nominal konstitutionelle Monarchie
Kirgisistan Republik
Laos Communist state
Lettland parlamentarische Demokratie
Libanon Republik
Lesotho parliamentary konstitutionelle Monarchie
Liberia Republik
Libyen Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace bis local councils; in fact, a military dictatorship
Liechtenstein hereditary konstitutionelle Monarchie on a democratic und parliamentary basis
Litauen parlamentarische Demokratie
Luxemburg konstitutionelle Monarchie
Macau limited democracy
Mazedonien parlamentarische Demokratie
Madagaskar Republik
Malawi multiparty democracy
Malaysia konstitutionelle Monarchie
Achtung: nominally headed by paramount ruler und a bicameral Parliament consisting of a keinelected upper house und an elected lower house; all Peninsular Malaysian states have hereditary rulers except Melaka und Pulau Pinang (Penang); those two states along with Sabah und Sarawak in East Malaysia have governors appointed by government; powers of state governments are limited by federal constitution; under terms of federation, Sabah und Sarawak retain certain constitutional prerogatives (e.g., right to maintain their own immigration controls); Sabah - holds 20 seats in House of Representatives und will hold 25 seats after the next election; Sarawak holds 28 seats in House of Representatives
Malediven Republik
Mali Republik
Malta Republik
Insel Man parlamentarische Demokratie
Marshallinseln constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 10. 1986 und the Amended Compact entered into force in 5.2004
Martinique keine Angabe
Mauretanien Republik
Mauritius parlamentarische Demokratie
Mayotte keine Angabe
Mexiko federal Republik
Mikronesien constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 11. 1986 und the Amended Compact entered into force 5.2004
Moldawien Republik
Monako konstitutionelle Monarchie
Mongolei mixed parliamentary/presidential
Montserrat keine Angabe
Marokko konstitutionelle Monarchie
Mosambik Republik
Namibia Republik
Nauru Republik
Nepal parlamentarische Demokratie und konstitutionelle Monarchie
Niederlande konstitutionelle Monarchie
Niederl. Antillen parliamentary
Neukaledonien keine Angabe
Neuseeland parlamentarische Demokratie
Nicaragua Republik
Niger Republik
Nigeria federal Republik
Niue self-governing parlamentarische Demokratie
Norfolk Insel keine Angabe
Northern Mariana Inseln commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, und legislature
Norwegen konstitutionelle Monarchie
Oman monarchy
Pakistan federal Republik
Palau constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 1 10. 1994
Panama constitutional democracy
Papua-Neuguinea konstitutionelle Monarchie with parlamentarische Demokratie
Paraguay constitutional Republik
Peru constitutional Republik
Philippinen Republik
Pitcairn-Inseln keine Angabe
Polen Republik
Portugal parlamentarische Demokratie
Puerto Rico commonwealth
Katar traditional monarchy
Reunion keine Angabe
Rumänien Republik
Russland federation
Ruanda Republik; presidential, multiparty system
St. Helena keine Angabe
St. Kitts und Nevis konstitutionelle Monarchie with Westminster-style parliament
St. Lucia Westminster-style parlamentarische Demokratie
St. Pierre und M. keine Angabe
St. Vincent und Gr. parlamentarische Demokratie; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Samoa mix of parlamentarische Demokratie und konstitutionelle Monarchie
San Marino independent Republik
Sao Tome und Pr. Republik
Saudi-Arabien monarchy
Senegal Republik under multiparty democratic rule
Serbien und Mont. Republik
Seychellen Republik
Sierra Leone constitutional democracy
Singapur parlamentarische Republik
Slowakei parlamentarische Demokratie
Slowenien parliamentary demokratische Republik
Salomonen parlamentarische Demokratie
Somalia no permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government
Südafrika Republik
Spanien parliamentary monarchy
Sri Lanka Republik
Sudan authoritarian regime - ruling military junta took power in 1989; government is run by an alliance of the military und the National Congress Party (NCP), formerly the National Islamic Front (NIF), which espouses an Islamist platform
Suriname constitutional democracy
Spitzbergen keine Angabe
Swasiland monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth
Schweden konstitutionelle Monarchie
Schweiz formally a confederation, but similar in structure to a federal Republik
Syrien Republik under military regime since 3.1963
Taiwan multiparty democratic regime headed by popularly-elected president und unicameral legislature
Tadschikistan Republik
Tansania Republik
Thailand konstitutionelle Monarchie
Togo Republik under transition to multiparty democratic rule
Tokelau keine Angabe
Tonga hereditary konstitutionelle Monarchie
Trinidad und Tobago parlamentarische Demokratie
Tunesien Republik
Türkei republican parlamentarische Demokratie
Turkmenistan Republik; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Turks und Caicos I. keine Angabe
Tuvalu konstitutionelle Monarchie with a parlamentarische Demokratie; began debating Republik status in 1992
Uganda Republik
Ukraine Republik
Ver. Arab. Emirate federation with specified powers delegated to the V. Arab. Emirate federal government und andere powers reserved to member emirates
Großbritannien konstitutionelle Monarchie
Vereinigte Staaten Constitution-based federal Republik; strong democratic tradition
Uruguay constitutional Republik
Usbekistan Republik; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Vanuatu parlamentarische Republik
Venezuela federal Republik
Vietnam Communist state
Jungfern-Inseln keine Angabe
Wallis und Futuna keine Angabe
West-Sahara legal status of Territorium und issue of sovereignty unresolved; Territorium contested by Marokko und Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra und Rio de Oro), which in 2.1976 formally proclaimed a government-in-exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), led by President Mohamed ABDELAZIZ; Territorium partitioned between Marokko und Mauretanien in 4. 1976, with Marokko acquiring northern two-thirds; Mauretanien, under pressure von Polisario guerrillas, abandoned all claims to its portion in 8.1979; Marokko moved to occupy that sector shortly thereafter und has since asserted administrative control; the Polisario's government-in-exile was seated as an OAU member in 1984; guerrilla activities continued sporadically, until a UN-monitored cease-fire was implemented 6 9.1991
Jemen Republik
Sambia Republik
Simbabwe parlamentarische Demokratie
Quelle, bis auf die teilweisen Übersetzungen kaum Eigenleistung, Stand: Dezember 2005

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letzte Bearbeitung: 8.4.2007

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