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Die Sortierung der Länder geschieht nach der englischen Schreibweise!

Land Verfassung
Afghanistan new constitution drafted 14 12.2003 - 4 1. 2004; signed 16 1.2004
Albanien adopted by popular referendum on 28 11.1998
Algerien 19 11.1976, effective 22 11.1976; revised 3 11.1988, 23 2.1989, und 28 11.1996
Amerikanisch Samoa ratified 2 6.1966, effective 1 7.1967
Andorra Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991, approved by referendum 14 3.1993, effective 4 5.1993
Angola 11 11.1975; revised 7 1.1978, 11 8. 1980, 6 3.1991, und 26 8.1992; note - new constitution has not yet been approved
Anguilla Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 4.1982; amended 1990
Antigua und Barbuda 1 11.1981
Argentinien 1 5.1853; revised 8.1994
Armenien adopted by nationwide referendum 5 7.1995
Aruba 1 1.1986
Australien 9 7.1900, effective 1 1.1901
Österreich 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated 1 5.1945)
Aserbaidschan adopted 12 11.1995
Bahamas 10 7.1973
Bahrain new constitution 14 2.2002
Bangladesch 4 11.1972, effective 16 12.1972; suspended following coup of 24 3.1982, restored 10 11.1986; amended many times
Barbados 30 11.1966
Weißrussland (Belarus) 15 3.1994; revised by national referendum of 24 11.1996 giving the presidency greatly expanded powers und became effective 27 11.1996; revised again 17 10.2004 removing presidential term limits
Belgien 7 2.1831; amended many times; revised 14 7. 1993 to create a federal state
Belize 21 9.1981
Benin 12.1990
Bermuda 8 6.1968; amended 1989 und 2003
Bhutan no written constitution or bill of rights; note - in 2001 the King commissioned the drafting of a constitution, und in 11.2004 presented a draft to the Council of Ministers; now awaiting referendum
Bolivien 2 2.1967; revised in 8.1994
Bosnien und Herzegowina the Dayton Agreement, signed 14 12.1995, included a new constitution now in force; note - each of the entities also has its own constitution
Botsuana 3.1965, effective 30 9.1966
Brasilien 5 10.1988
Br. Jungfern-Inseln 1 6.1977
Brunei 29 9.1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since 12.1962, others since independence on 1 1.1984)
Bulgarien adopted 12 7.1991
Burkina Faso 2 6.1991 approved by referendum, 11 6.1991 formally adopted; amended 4.2000
Myanmar (Burma) 3 1.1974; suspended since 18 9.1988; national convention convened in 1993 to draft a new constitution but collapsed in 1996; reconvened in 2004 but does not include participation of democratic opposition
Burundi 13 3.1992; provided for establishment of a plural political system; supplanted on 20 10.2004 by a provisional constitution approved by the parliament which extended the transition; a 28 2.2005 popular referendum ratified the new constitution which set ethnic quotas for government positions, und tentatively scheduled general elections for 4.2005
Kambodscha promulgated 21 9.1993
Kamerun 20 5.1972 approved by referendum, 2 6.1972 formally adopted; revised 1.1996
Kanada made up of unwritten und written acts, customs, judicial decisions, und traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 3.1867, which created a federation of four provinces, und the Constitution Act of 17 4.1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution von Britain to Kanada, und added a Canadian Charter of Rights und Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments
Kap Verde new constitution came into force 25 9.1992; underwent a major revision on 23 11.1995, substantially increasing the powers of the president, und a further revision in 1999, to create the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)
Cayman Inseln 1959; revised 1972 und 1992
Zentralafrika passed by referendum 5 12.2004
Tschad passed by referendum 31 3.1996
Chile 11 9.1980, effective 11 3.1981; amended 30 7.1989, 1993, und 1997
China most recent promulgation 4 12.1982
Weihnachts-Insel Weihnachts-Insel Act of 1958-59 (1 10.1958)
Cocos (Keeling) Inseln Cocos (Keeling) Inseln Act of 1955 (23 11. 1953)
Kolumbien 5 7.1991
Komoren 23 12.2001
Kongo (Kinshasa) new constitution adopted 17 7.2003
Kongo (Brazzaville) approved by referendum 20 1.2002
Cook-Inseln 4 8.1965
Costa Rica 7 11.1949
Elfenbeinküste new constitution adopted 4 8.2000
Kroatien adopted on 22 12.1990; revised 2000, 2001
Kuba 24 2.1976; amended 7.1992 und 6.2002
Zypern 16 8.1960; von 12.1963, the Turkish Cypriots no longer participated in the government; negotiations to create the basis for a new or revised constitution to govern the Insel und for better relations between Greek und Turkish Cypriots have been held intermittently since the mid-1960s; in 1975, following the 1974 Turkish intervention, Turkish Cypriots created their own constitution und governing bodies within the "Turkish Federated State of Zypern," which became the "Turkish Republic of Northern Zypern" when the Turkish Cypriots declared their independence in 1983; a new constitution for the "TRNC" passed by referendum on 5 5.1985
Tschechien ratified 16 12.1992, effective 1 1.1993
Dänemark 5 6.1849 adoption of original constitution; a major overhaul of 5 6.1953 allowed for a unicameral legislature und a weiblich chief of state
Dschibuti multiparty constitution approved by referendum 4 9.1992
Dominica 3 11.1978
Dominikanische Republik 28 11.1966; amended 25 7.2002
Osttimor 22 3.2002 (based on the Portuguese model)
Ecuador 10 8.1998
Ägypten 11 9.1971; amended 22 5.1980
El Salvador 23 12.1983
Äquatorialguinea approved by national referendum 17 11.1991; amended 1.1995
Eritrea a transitional constitution, decreed on 19 5.1993, was replaced by a new constitution adopted on 23 5.1997, but not yet implemented
Estland adopted 28 6.1992
Äthiopien ratified 12.1994, effective 22 8.1995
Europäische Union based on a series of treaties: the Treaty of Paris, which set up the European Coal und Steel Community (ECSC) in 1951; the Treaties of Rome, which set up the European Economic Community (EEC) und the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) in 1957; the Single European Act in 1986; the Treaty on Europäische Union (Maastricht) in 1992; the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997; und the Treaty of Nice in 2001; note - a new draft Constitutional Treaty, signed on 29 10.2004 in Rome, gave member states two Jahre for ratification either by parliamentary vote or national referendum before it was scheduled to take effect on 1 11.2006; defeat in French und Dutch referenda in Mai-6.2005 caused a suspension of the ratification process
Falkland-Inseln 3 10.1985; amended 1997 und 1998
Färöer-Inseln 5 6.1953 (Danish constitution)
Fidschi promulgated on 25 7.1990; amended on 25 7.1997 to allow keinethnic Fijians greater say in government und to make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 7.1998
Finnland 1 3.2000
Frankreich adopted by referendum 28 9.1958, effective 4 10.1958; amended concerning election of president in 1962; amended to comply with provisions of 1992 EC Maastricht Treaty, 1996 Amsterdam Treaty, 2000 Treaty of Nice; amended to tighten immigration laws in 1993; amended in 2000 to change the seven-year presidential term to a five-year term
Französisch Guyana 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Franz. Polynesien 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Gabun adopted 14 3.1991
Gambia 24 4.1970; suspended 7.1994; rewritten und approved by national referendum 8 8.1996; reestablished 1. 1997
Georgien adopted 24 8.1995
Deutschland 23 5.1949, known as Basic Law; became constitution of the united German people 3 10.1990
Ghana approved 28 4.1992
Gibraltar 30 5.1969
Griechenland 11 6.1975; amended 3.1986 und 4.2001
Grönland 5 6.1953 (Danish constitution)
Grenada 19 12.1973
Guadeloupe 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Guam Organic Act of 1 8.1950
Guatemala 31 5.1985, effective 14 1.1986; note - suspended 25 5.1993 by former President SERRANO; reinstated 5 6. 1993 following ouster of president; amended 11.1993
Guernsey unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law und practice
Guinea 23 12.1990 (Loi Fundamentale)
Guinea-Bissau 16 5.1984; amended 4 5.1991, 4 12.1991, 26 2.1993, 9 6.1993, und 1996
Guyana 6 10.1980
Haiti approved 3.1987; suspended 6.1988 with most articles reinstated 3.1989; in 10.1991 government claimed to be observing the constitution; returned to constitutional rule in 10. 1994
Vatikan (Holy See) new Fundamental Law promulgated by Pope JOHN PAUL II on 26 11.2000, effective 22 2.2001 (replaces the first Fundamental Law of 1929)
Honduras 11 1.1982, effective 20 1.1982; amended 1995
Hong Kong Basic Law, approved in 3.1990 by China's National People's Congress, is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
Ungarn 18 8.1949, effective 20 8.1949; revised 19 4.1972; 18 10.1989 revision ensured legal rights for individuals und constitutional checks on the authority of the prime minister und also established the principle of parliamentary oversight; 1997 amendment streamlined the judicial system
Island 16 6.1944, effective 17 6.1944; amended many times
Indien 26 1.1950; amended many times
Indonesien 8.1945; abrogated by Federal Constitution of 1949 und Provisional Constitution of 1950, restored 5 7.1959
Iran 2-3 12.1979; revised 1989 to expand powers of the presidency und eliminate the prime ministership
Irak interim constitution signed 8 3.2004; note - the Transitional Administrative Law (TAL) was enacted 8 3.2004 to govern the Land until an elected Iraqi Government can draft und ratify a new constitution in 2005
Irland adopted 1 7.1937 by plebiscite; effective 29 12.1937
Israel no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (Knesset), und the Israeli citizenship law
Italien passed 11 12.1947, effective 1 1.1948; amended many times
Jamaika 6 8.1962
Japan 3 5.1947
Jersey unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law und practice
Jordanien 1 1.1952; amended 1974, 1976, 1984
Kasachstan first post-independence constitution adopted 28 1.1993; new constitution adopted by national referendum 30 8. 1995
Kenia 12 12.1963; amended as a republic 1964; reissued with amendments 1979, 1982, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1997, und 2001
Kiribati 12 7.1979
Nord-Korea adopted 1948; completely revised 27 12.1972, revised again in 4.1992, und 9.1998
Süd-Korea 17 7.1948
Kuwait approved und promulgated 11 11.1962
Kirgisistan adopted 5 5.1993; note - amendment proposed by President AKAYEV und passed in a national referendum on 2 2.2003 significantly expands the powers of the president at the expense of the legislature
Laos promulgated 14 8.1991
Lettland 15 2.1922; an 10.1998 amendment on Fundamental Human Rights replaced the 1991 Constitutional Law, which had supplemented the constitution
Libanon 23 5.1926; amended a number of times, most recently Charter of Lebanese National Reconciliation (Ta'if Accord) of 10. 1989
Lesotho 2 4.1993
Liberia 6 1.1986
Libyen 11 12.1969; amended 2 3.1977
Liechtenstein 5 10.1921
Litauen adopted 25 10.1992
Luxemburg 17 10.1868; occasional revisions
Macau Basic Law, approved in 3.1993 by China's National People's Congress, is Macau's "mini-constitution"
Mazedonien adopted 17 11.1991, effective 20 11.1991; amended 11.2001 by a series of new constitutional amendments strengthening minority rights
Madagaskar 19 8.1992 by national referendum
Malawi 18 5.1994
Malaysia 31 8.1957; amended 16 9.1963
Malediven adopted 1 1.1998
Mali adopted 12 1.1992
Malta 1964 constitution; amended many times
Insel Man unwritten; note - The Insel Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
Marshallinseln 1 5.1979
Martinique 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Mauretanien 12 7.1991
Mauritius 12 3.1968; amended 12 3.1992
Mayotte 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Mexiko 5 2.1917
Mikronesien 10 5.1979
Moldawien new constitution adopted 29 7.1994, effective 27 8.1994; replaced old Soviet constitution of 1979
Monako 17 12.1962
Mongolei 12 2.1992
Montserrat effective 19 12.1989
Marokko 10 3.1972; revised 4 9.1992, amended (to create bicameral legislature) 9.1996
Mosambik 30 11.1990
Namibia ratified 9 2.1990, effective 12 3.1990
Nauru 29 1.1968; amended 17 5.1968 (Verfassungstag)
Nepal 9 11.1990
Niederlande adopted 1815; amended many times, last time 2002
Niederl. Antillen 29 12.1954, Statute of the Realm of the Niederlande, as amended
Neukaledonien 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Neuseeland consists of a series of legal documents, einschließlich certain acts of the Großbritannien und Neuseeland Parliaments, as well as The Constitution Act 1986, which is the principal formal charter; adopted 1 1.1987, effective 1 1.1987
Nicaragua 9 1.1987; reforms in 1995 und 2000
Niger new constitution adopted 18 7.1999
Nigeria new constitution adopted 5.1999
Niue 19 10.1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Norfolk Insel Norfolk Insel Act of 1979
Northern Mariana Inseln Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Inseln effective 1 1.1978; Covenant Agreement effective 4 11.1986
Norwegen 17 5.1814; amended many times
Oman keine; note - on 6 11.1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a basic law considered by the government to be a constitution which, among andere things, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers von holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, und guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens
Pakistan 12 4.1973; suspended 5 7.1977, restored with amendments 30 12.1985; suspended 15 10.1999, restored 31 12.2002; amended 31 12.2003
Palau 1 1.1981
Panama 11 10.1972; major reforms adopted 1978, 1983, 1994, und 2004
Papua-Neuguinea 16 9.1975
Paraguay promulgated 20 6.1992
Peru 31 12.1993
Philippinen 2 2.1987, effective 11 2.1987
Pitcairn-Inseln 30 11.1838; reformed 1904 with additional reforms in 1940; further refined by the Local Government Ordinance of 1964
Polen adopted by the National Assembly 2 4.1997, passed by national referendum 25 5.1997, effective 17 10.1997
Portugal 25 4.1976; revised many times
Puerto Rico ratified 3 3.1952, approved by US Congress 3 7. 1952, effective 25 7.1952
Katar ratified by public referendum on 29 4.2003, endorsed by the Emir on 8 6.2004, effective on 9 6.2005
Reunion 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Rumänien 8 12.1991; revision effective 29 10.2003
Russland adopted 12 12.1993
Ruanda new constitution adopted 4 6.2003
St. Helena 1 1.1989
St. Kitts und Nevis 19 9.1983
St. Lucia 22 2.1979
St. Pierre und M. 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
St. Vincent und Gr. 27 10.1979
Samoa 1 1.1962
San Marino 8 10.1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
Sao Tome und Pr. approved 3.1990, effective 10 9.1990
Saudi-Arabien governed according to Shari'a (Islamic law); the Basic Law that articulates the government's rights und responsibilities was introduced in 1993
Senegal new constitution adopted 7 1.2001
Serbien und Mont. 4 2.2003
Seychellen 18 6.1993
Sierra Leone 1 10.1991; subsequently amended several times
Singapur 3 6.1959; amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapur Constitution)
Slowakei ratified 1 9.1992, effective 1 1.1993; changed in 9.1998 to allow direct election of the president; amended 2.2001 to allow Slowakei to apply for NATO und EU membership
Slowenien adopted 23 12.1991, effective 23 12.1991
Salomonen 7 7.1978
Somalia 25 8.1979, presidential approval 23 9. 1979
Achtung: the formation of transitional governing institutions, known as the Transitional Federal Government, is currently ongoing
Südafrika 10 12.1996; this new constitution was certified by the Constitutional Court on 4 12.1996, was signed by then President MANDELA on 10 12.1996, und entered into effect on 3 2.1997; it is being implemented in phases
Spanien 6 12.1978, effective 29 12.1978
Sri Lanka adopted 16 8.1978, certified 31 8.1978; new constitution proposed in 2002
Sudan 12 4.1973; suspended following coup of 6 4. 1985; interim constitution of 10 10.1985 suspended following coup of 30 6.1989; new constitution implemented on 30 6.1998 partially suspended 12 12.1999 by President BASHIR
Suriname ratified 30 9.1987
Swasiland a constitution was due to be adopted in 11.2003 but was delayed und scheduled for early 2005
Schweden 1 1.1975
Schweiz revision of Constitution of 1874 approved by the Federal Parliament 18 12.1998, adopted by referendum 18 4. 1999, officially entered into force 1 1.2000
Syrien 13 3.1973
Taiwan 25 12.1946; amended in 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, und 2000
Tadschikistan 6 11.1994
Tansania 25 4.1977; major revisions 10.1984
Thailand new constitution signed by King PHUMIPHON on 11 10.1997
Togo multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 7.1992, adopted by public referendum 27 9.1992
Tokelau administered under the Tokelau Inseln Act of 1948; amended in 1970
Tonga 4 11.1875; revised 1 1.1967
Trinidad und Tobago 1 8.1976
Tunesien 1 6.1959; amended 1988, 2002
Türkei 7 11.1982
Turkmenistan adopted 18 5.1992
Turks und Caicos I. introduced 30 8.1976; suspended in 1986; restored und revised 5 3.1988
Tuvalu 1 10.1978
Uganda 8 10.1995
Ukraine adopted 28 6.1996
Ver. Arab. Emirate 2 12.1971 (made permanent in 1996)
Großbritannien unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law und practice
Vereinigte Staaten 17 9.1787, effective 4 3.1789
Uruguay 27 11.1966, effective 2.1967; suspended 27 6.1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 11.1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 11.1989 und 7 1.1997
Usbekistan new constitution adopted 8 12.1992
Vanuatu 30 7.1980
Venezuela 30 12.1999
Vietnam 15 4.1992
Jungfern-Inseln Revised Organic Act of 22 7.1954
Wallis und Futuna 4 10.1958 (French Constitution)
Jemen 16 5.1991; amended 29 9.1994 und 2. 2001
Sambia 24 8.1991
Simbabwe 21 12.1979
Quelle, bis auf die teilweisen Übersetzungen kaum Eigenleistung, Stand: Dezember 2005

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